Carmen Sílvia Valente Barbas

Learn More
INTRODUCTION Reduction of automatic pressure support based on a target respiratory frequency or mandatory rate ventilation (MRV) is available in the Taema-Horus ventilator for the weaning process in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. We hypothesised that MRV is as effective as manual weaning in post-operative ICU patients. METHODS There were 106(More)
BACKGROUND Cases of H1N1 and other pulmonary infections evolve to acute respiratory failure and death when co-infections or lung injury predominate over the immune response, thus requiring early diagnosis to improve treatment. OBJECTIVE To perform a detailed histopathological analysis of the open lung biopsy specimens from five patients with ARDS with(More)
This study aimed at evaluating acute pulmonary remodeling, focusing on alterations of fibers of the collagenous and elastic systems in ARDS in the exudative phase according to the etiology of the disease. ARDS patients (n = 23), who died in our institution between 1989 and 1997, were retrospectively studied. Ten patients who died in accidents, without any(More)
This paper, based on relevant literature articles and the authors' clinical experience, presents a goal-oriented respiratory management for critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) that can help improve clinicians' ability to care for these patients. Early recognition of ARDS modified risk factors and avoidance of aggravating(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to quantify the interaction between increased intra-abdominal pressure and Positive-End Expiratory Pressure. METHODS In 30 mechanically ventilated ICU patients with a fixed tidal volume, respiratory system plateau and abdominal pressure were measured at a Positive-End Expiratory Pressure level of zero and 10 cm H2O. The(More)
In its various forms, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is characterized by a systemic inflammation of the small and medium-sized arteries (especially in the upper and lower respiratory tracts, as well as in the kidneys). The forms of AAV comprise Wegener's granulomatosis (now called granulomatosis with polyangiitis),(More)
Recruitment maneuvers and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)/tidal ventilation titration in acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) are the cornerstone of mechanical ventilatory support. The net result of these possible adjustments in ventilatory parameters is the interaction of the pressure applied in the respiratory system(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is used in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) to avoid endotracheal intubation. However, the impact of NIV use on ARF patient's outcomes is still unclear. Our objectives were to evaluate the rate of NIV failure in hypoxemic patients with an arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2) <(More)
Objective: To study the mask mechanics and air leak dynamics during noninvasive pressure support ventilation. Setting: Laboratory of a university hospital. Design: A facial mask was connected to a mannequin head that was part of a mechanical respiratory system model. The mask fit pressure (Pmask-fit) measured inside the mask's pneumatic cushion was adjusted(More)
Most epidemiological studies with Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG) patients are based on populations from the Northern hemisphere, whereas very few studies have been conducted in Southern hemisphere populations, particularly from South America. The authors performed a large retrospective, demographic study including clinical and laboratory profiles of 134(More)