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AIMS To study the influence of peptides and proteolytic enzymes in the osmotic adaptation of Lactobacillus casei. METHODS AND RESULTS Di- and tri-peptides added individually increased the osmotolerance of Lact. casei when grown in a chemically defined medium (CDM) containing NaCl. Growth stimulation and the re-establishment in their presence of plasmid(More)
Bacillus sphaericus, a bacterium of biotechnological interest due to its ability to produce mosquitocidal toxins, is unable to use sugars as carbon source. However, ptsHI genes encoding HPr and EI proteins belonging to a PTS were cloned, sequenced and characterized. Both HPr and EI proteins were fully functional for phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent(More)
In previous studies of bacterial protoplast fusion, only the frequencies of cell wall regeneration and of bacterial recombination were determined. In this work the frequency of the heterozygous fusion products is measured by prophage complementation. Two multiply marked nonsuppressing strains of Bacillus subtilis, each lysogenic for a different Sus mutant(More)
Lysinibacillus sphaericus strains belonging the antigenic group H5a5b produce spores with larvicidal activity against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. C7, a new isolated strain, which presents similar biochemical characteristics and Bin toxins in their spores as the reference strain 2362, was, however, more active against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. The(More)
We here describe a new method for electroporation of Lactobacillus species, obligately homofermentative and facultatively heterofermentative, based on the cell-wall weakening resulting from growth in high-salt media. For L. casei, optimum transformation efficiency of up to 10(5) transformants per microgram of plasmid DNA was achieved following growth in the(More)
The importance of the content of anionic phospholipids [cardiolipin (CL) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG)] in the osmotic adaptation and in the membrane structure of Bacillus subtilis cultures was investigated. Insertion mutations in the three putative cardiolipin synthase genes (ywiE, ywnE and ywjE) were obtained. Only the ywnE mutation resulted in a complete(More)
A strain isolated from Argentinean regional fermented sausages was found to produce and secrete a compound that inhibited growth of Lactobacillus strains used as indicators. It was characterized as Paenibacillus polymyxa (P13). The antimicrobial activity, named polyxin, was obtained from culture supernatant fluid of late stationary phase and was inhibitory(More)
The envelope properties of B. subtilis cultures grown in LB and LBN hyperosmotic media (LB + 1.5 M NaCl) were compared. Since hypertonic cultures showed a Spo-phenotype, a Spo-mutant grown in LB was also analyzed. LBN cultures showed extensive filamentation and presented different sensitivities toward phage infection (phi29 and phi105), or antibiotics whose(More)
AIMS To study the modification of the cell wall of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 grown in high salt conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS Differences in the overall structure of cell wall between growth in high salt (MRS + 1 mol l(-1) NaCl; N condition) and control (MRS; C condition) conditions were determined by transmission electronic microscopy and analytical(More)