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AIMS To study the influence of peptides and proteolytic enzymes in the osmotic adaptation of Lactobacillus casei. METHODS AND RESULTS Di- and tri-peptides added individually increased the osmotolerance of Lact. casei when grown in a chemically defined medium (CDM) containing NaCl. Growth stimulation and the re-establishment in their presence of plasmid(More)
Lysinibacillus sphaericus strains belonging the antigenic group H5a5b produce spores with larvicidal activity against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. C7, a new isolated strain, which presents similar biochemical characteristics and Bin toxins in their spores as the reference strain 2362, was, however, more active against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. The(More)
We here describe a new method for electroporation of Lactobacillus species, obligately homofermentative and facultatively heterofermentative, based on the cell-wall weakening resulting from growth in high-salt media. For L. casei, optimum transformation efficiency of up to 10(5) transformants per microgram of plasmid DNA was achieved following growth in the(More)
The importance of the content of anionic phospholipids [cardiolipin (CL) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG)] in the osmotic adaptation and in the membrane structure of Bacillus subtilis cultures was investigated. Insertion mutations in the three putative cardiolipin synthase genes (ywiE, ywnE and ywjE) were obtained. Only the ywnE mutation resulted in a complete(More)
A strain isolated from Argentinean regional fermented sausages was found to produce and secrete a compound that inhibited growth of Lactobacillus strains used as indicators. It was characterized as Paenibacillus polymyxa (P13). The antimicrobial activity, named polyxin, was obtained from culture supernatant fluid of late stationary phase and was inhibitory(More)
AIMS To study the modification of the cell wall of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 grown in high salt conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS Differences in the overall structure of cell wall between growth in high salt (MRS + 1 mol l(-1) NaCl; N condition) and control (MRS; C condition) conditions were determined by transmission electronic microscopy and analytical(More)
The envelope properties of B. subtilis cultures grown in LB and LBN hyperosmotic media (LB + 1.5 M NaCl) were compared. Since hypertonic cultures showed a Spo-phenotype, a Spo-mutant grown in LB was also analyzed. LBN cultures showed extensive filamentation and presented different sensitivities toward phage infection (phi29 and phi105), or antibiotics whose(More)
In Bacillus subtilis, osmotolerance is a stationary phase-dependent, adaptive response inhibiting sporulation and sharing common regulators with this process. The extent of this inhibition was determined by measuring transcription activity of promoter lacZ fusions to early sigma genes (spoIIG and spoIIA coding for precursors of sigmaE and sigmaF) and to(More)
The osmosensitivity presented by spo0A and degU null mutant strains of Bacillus subtilis pointed to their protein products as essential regulators for the osmotic response. This was further investigated by analyzing their transcription activity. The results showed that both spo0A-lacZ and degSU-lacZ were induced by the hypertonic medium. The actual(More)
The study was focused on the role of the penicillin binding protein PBP4* of Bacillus subtilis during growth in high salinity rich media. Using pbpE-lacZ fusion, we found that transcription of the pbpE gene is induced in stationary phase and by increased salinity. This increase was also corroborated at the translation level for PBP4* by western blot.(More)