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Besides differential methylation, DNA methylation variation has recently been proposed and demonstrated to be a potential contributing factor to cancer risk. Here we aim to examine whether differential variability in methylation is also an important feature of obesity, a typical non-malignant common complex disease. We analyzed genome-wide methylation(More)
The present studies evaluated intrarenal hemodynamics, pressure natriuresis, and arterial blood pressure in rats following recovery from renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Acute I/R injury, induced by 40 min of bilateral renal arterial occlusion, resulted in an increase in plasma creatinine that resolved within a week. Following 5 wk of recovery on a(More)
This study examined mechanisms by which immune cells participate in the development of hypertension and renal disease in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats. Increasing dietary salt from 0.4% to 4.0% NaCl significantly increased renal infiltration of T lymphocytes from 8.8 +/- 1.2 x 10(5) to 14.4 +/- 2.0 x 10(5) cells/2 kidneys, increased arterial blood pressure(More)
Research studying the role of inflammation in hypertension and cardiovascular disease has flourished in recent years; however, the exact mechanisms by which the activated immune cells lead to the development and maintenance of hypertension remain to be elucidated. The objectives of this brief review are to summarize and discuss the most recent findings in(More)
The present studies examined the role and mechanism of action of infiltrating T lymphocytes in the kidney during salt-sensitive hypertension. Infiltrating T lymphocytes in the Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) kidney significantly increased from 7.2 ± 1.8 × 10(5) cells/2 kidneys to 18.2 ± 3.9 × 10(5) cells/2 kidneys (n = 6/group) when dietary NaCl was increased from(More)
Experiments were performed to determine whether exogenous L-arginine could ameliorate angiotensin II-induced hypertension and renal damage. Rats were instrumented with chronic indwelling femoral venous and arterial catheters for infusions of drugs and measurement of conscious arterial pressure. Arterial blood pressure significantly increased from 124+/-1 to(More)
The present study evaluated the influence and mechanism of action of dietary protein intake in Dahl SS hypertension and renal disease. Rats were fed isocaloric diets with low (6%), normal (18%), or high (30%) amounts of protein and 0.4% NaCl from 5 to 12 weeks of age; the NaCl content of the diets was then increased to 4.0% NaCl from 12 to 15 weeks of age.(More)
BACKGROUND There is emerging evidence suggesting the role of peripheral blood leukocytes in the pathogenesis of obesity and related diseases. However, few studies have taken a genome-wide approach to investigating gene expression profiles in peripheral leukocytes between obese and lean individuals with the consideration of obesity-related shifts in(More)
AIM During type 1 diabetes (T1D), the medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) displays an NADPH oxidase-dependent increase in sodium transport, in concert with increased NO production by NO synthase 1 (NOS1) and NOS2. We hypothesized that NOS1- and/or NOS2-derived NO blunts T1D-induced activation of sodium transport in the mTAL. METHODS T1D was induced by(More)
We designed experiments to test the hypothesis that Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats are sensitive to high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hypertension and renal injury via an inflammatory mechanism. Twelve-week-old Dahl SS rats were maintained on a normal diet (ND; 14% fat), HFD (59% fat), or HFD supplemented with the lymphocyte immunosuppressive agent, mycophenolate(More)