Carmen Ranftler

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Patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) generate a variety of autoantibodies, which are primarily directed against mitochondrial antigens (AMA). However, a subgroup of patient sera are also positive for antibodies to nuclear components (ANAs). At indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), PBC sera mostly produce homogeneous, nuclear dot, speckled, centromere,(More)
Detailed insight into the fine structure and 3D-architecture of the complex and dynamic compartments of the endocytic system is essential for a morpho-functional analysis of retrograde traffic from the cell surface to different intracellular destinations. Here, we describe a cytochemical approach for electron microscopic exploration of endocytic pathways(More)
Estrogens play an important role in the growth and terminal differentiation of the mammary gland. Prolonged exposure to estrogens seems to predispose women to breast cancer. It recently became evident that not only the intrinsic hormonal status but also external factors such as the occurrence of pharmaceuticals and chemicals with hormone activity in the(More)
Reactivity of sera from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) with a 60 kDa component of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), purified by affinity chromatography on wheat-germ agglutinin (WGA)-Sepharose, was previously detected. Recently, clinical significance of the anti-NPC antibodies in PBC became evident. In the light of recent reports, indicating the(More)
In this study, the ceramide-enriched trans-Golgi compartments representing sites of synthesis of sphingomyelin and higher organized lipids were visualized in control and ATP-depleted hepatoma and endothelial cells using internalization of BODIPY-ceramide and the diaminobenzidine photooxidation method for combined light-electron microscopical exploration.(More)
The classic Golgi apparatus organization, an arrangement of highly ordered cisternal stacks with tubular–vesicular membrane specializations on both sides, is the functional image of a continuous flow of contents and membranes with input, metabolization, and output in a dynamic steady state. In response to treatment with 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG), which(More)
Ageing of organisms is among the most complex processes currently known. Understanding the molecular mechanism of physiological ageing is one of the most essential issues in biology and medicine because it is not possible to predict when and how a certain individual will start ageing. In the past centuries human life expectancies increased. Extension of(More)
In this study we investigated the function of p53 as a regulator of cell cycle progression in cycling and senescent cells. Using the conditional temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant we could prevent the detrimental effect of constitutive expression of high levels of wt p53 protein. High levels of wt p53 inhibited cell proliferation by blocking the cells to(More)
We studied Golgi apparatus disorganizations and reorganizations in human HepG2 hepatoblastoma cells by using the nonmetabolizable glucose analogue 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG) and analyzing the changes in Golgi stack architectures by 3D-electron tomography. Golgi stacks remodel in response to 2DG-treatment and are replaced by tubulo-glomerular Golgi bodies, from(More)
The efficacy of distinct anti-cancer drugs used in the chemotherapy of human malignancies varies between tumor tissues and depends largely on the ability of the therapeutic agents to simultaneously inhibit cell proliferation and to eliminate malignant cells by apoptosis. Especially, detection of early apoptotic changes seems to be important because early(More)