Carmen Ramos Hernando

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Accurate determination of flammability is required in order to improve knowledge about vegetation fire risk. Study of the flammability of different plant species is essential for the Mediterranean area, where most ecosystems are adapted to natural fire but vulnerable to recurrent human-induced fires, which are the main cause of forest degradation. However,(More)
Running head title: 1 Spot fires: Fuel bed flammability and ignition capability of firebrands 2 Anne Ganteaume ; Corinne Lampin-Maillet, Mercedes Guijarro, Carmen Hernando , Marielle Jappiot; 3 Teresa Fonturbel, Pedro Pérez-Gorostiaga and José A. Vega 4 5 : Cemagref UR EMAX, 3275 Route de Cézanne, CS 40061, 13182 Aix-en-Provence, France 6 : Centro de(More)
Assessment of the flammability of ornamental vegetation (particularly hedges) planted around houses is necessary in light of the increasing urbanization of the wildland-urban interfaces (WUIs) and the high fire occurrence in such areas. The structure and flammability of seven of the species most frequently planted as hedges in Provence (southeastern France)(More)
Wildfires are considered the most important disturbance in the Mediterranean Basin, and some are propagated over long distances due to lift-off and ignition of firebrands. To improve our knowledge of firebrands involved in spotting fires, flammability characteristics of eight types of firebrands commonly generated by wildfires in Southern Europe were(More)
The abandonment of rural areas has led to an increase of the fire-prone European gorse (Ulex europaeus L.) communities in some regions, where prescribed burning is a technique applied to control them. Understanding flammability changes after treatments is crucial for the sustainable use of fire. The objectives of this study were to evaluate (1) any(More)
Fuel calorific value is an important parameter in fire behaviour. The objective of this study is to evaluate the potential of using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) for determining the calorific value of fuel. Fifty samples of various fuel components from the Mediterranean forest (17.1–24.6 MJ⋅kg–1) were used to establish a calibration equation(More)
Prescribed burning is commonly used to prevent accumulation of biomass in fire-prone shrubland in NW Spain. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the efficacy of the technique in reducing fire hazard in these ecosystems. Fire hazard in burned shrubland areas will depend on the initial capacity of woody vegetation to recover and on the fine ground(More)
The Mediterranean basin is a fire-prone area and is expected to continue being so according to projected climate and socioeconomic changes. Sustainable exploitation of forest biomass could have a positive effect on wildfire hazard mitigation. A modelling approach was used to compare how four different Scenarios for biomass collection for energy use affect(More)
Fuel moisture and chemical content affecting live plant flammability can be measured through laboratory and field techniques, or remotely assessed. Standardization of methodologies and a better understanding of plant attributes and phenological status can improve models for fire management. Wildland fire management is subject to manifold sources of(More)
A subset S ⊆ V in a graph G = (V,E) is a k-quasiperfect dominating set (for k ≥ 1) if every vertex not in S is adjacent to at least one and at most k vertices in S. The cardinality of a minimum k-quasiperfect dominating set in G is denoted by γ 1k (G). Those sets were first introduced by Chellali et al. (2013) as a generalization of the perfect domination(More)