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Amino acid sequence variations in SCN5A are known to affect function of wild-type channels and also those with coexisting mutations; therefore, it is important to know the exact sequence and function of channels most commonly present in human myocardium. SCN5A was analyzed in control panels of human alleles, demonstrating that the existing clones (hH1,(More)
Mutations in 11 genes that encode ion channels or their associated proteins cause inherited long QT syndrome (LQTS) and account for approximately 75-80% of cases (LQT1-11). Direct sequencing of SNTA1, the gene encoding alpha1-syntrophin, was performed in a cohort of LQTS patients that were negative for mutations in the 11 known LQTS-susceptibility genes. A(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fluoxetine (Prozac) is a widely prescribed drug in adults and children, and it has an active metabolite, norfluoxetine, with a prolonged elimination time. Although uncommon, Prozac causes QT interval prolongation and arrhythmias; a patient who took an overdose of Prozac exhibited a prolonged QT interval (QTc 625 msec). We looked for(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 10% of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases may stem from potentially lethal cardiac channelopathies, with approximately half of channelopathic SIDS involving the Na(V)1.5 cardiac sodium channel. Recently, Na(V) beta subunits have been implicated in various cardiac arrhythmias. Thus, the 4 genes encoding Na(V) beta subunits(More)
Electrophysiological remodeling of ion channels in heart failure causes action potential prolongation and plays a role in arrhythmia mechanism. The importance of down-regulation of potassium currents is well-known, but a role for Na current (I(Na)) in heart failure is less well established. We studied I(Na) in heart failure ventricular cells from a canine(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)) are involved in a diverse array of physiologic functions including protection of tissue against ischemic insult, regulation of vascular tone, and modulation of insulin secretion. To improve our understanding of the role of K(ATP) in these processes, we used a gene-targeting strategy to generate mice with a(More)
BACKGROUND The human cardiac SCN5A gene encodes for the alpha subunit of the human cardiac voltage-dependent sodium channel hNav1.5 [Neuron 28 (2) (2000) 365] and carries inward Na current (INa). Mutations in SCN5A cause arrhythmia syndromes including Brugada syndrome (BrS) and congenital long QT syndrome subtype 3 (LQT3). Here, we report a trafficking(More)
Mutations in the cardiac Na(+) channel gene SCN5A cause loss of function and underlie arrhythmia syndromes. SCN5A in humans has two splice variants, one lacking a glutamine at position 1077 (Q1077del) and one containing Q1077. We investigated the effect of splice variant background on loss of function and rescue for G1406R, a mutation reported to cause(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the cardiac sodium channel gene, SCN5A, cause congenital long QT syndrome (LQT3), Brugada syndrome, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, and conduction disease by distinct cellular and clinical electrophysiological phenotypes. METHODS Postmortem molecular analysis of SCN5A was conducted on an infant who presented shortly after birth(More)
Calcins are a novel family of scorpion peptides that bind with high affinity to ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and increase their activity by inducing subconductance states. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the structure-function relationships of the eight calcins known to date, based on their primary sequence, three-dimensional modeling, and(More)