Carmen R. Valdivia

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Calcins are a novel family of scorpion peptides that bind with high affinity to ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and increase their activity by inducing subconductance states. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the structure-function relationships of the eight calcins known to date, based on their primary sequence, three-dimensional modeling, and(More)
The SCN5A-encoded cardiac sodium channel underlies excitability in the heart, and dysfunction of sodium current (I(Na)) can cause fatal ventricular arrhythmia in maladies such as long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome (BrS), and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The gene GPD1L encodes the glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase 1-like protein with homology to(More)
1. The nature of the signal that terminates the release of Ca2+ from the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum has remained elusive. This study was intended to examine whether FK506-binding protein (FKBP), which is tightly associated to the ryanodine receptor (RyR)/Ca2+ release channel, plays a role in the termination of Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) in(More)
cDNAs for the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger from Drosophila melanogaster (Dmel/Nck) have been cloned by homology screening using the human heart Na+/Ca2+ exchanger cDNA. The overall deduced protein structure for Dmel/Nck is similar to that of mammalian Na+/Ca2+ exchanger genes NCX1 and NCX2, having six hydrophobic regions in the amino terminus separated from six at(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of death during the first 6 months after birth. About 5% to 10% of SIDS may stem from cardiac channelopathies such as long-QT syndrome. We recently implicated mutations in alpha1-syntrophin (SNTA1) as a novel cause of long-QT syndrome, whereby mutant SNTA1 released inhibition of associated(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are the calcium release channels of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) that provide the majority of calcium ions (Ca2+) necessary to induce contraction of cardiac and skeletal muscle cells. In their intracellular environment, RyR channels are regulated by a variety of cytosolic and luminal factors so that their output signal (Ca2+)(More)
SCN5A and SNTA1 are reported susceptible genes for long QT syndrome (LQTS). This study was designed to elucidate a plausible pathogenic arrhythmia mechanism for the combined novel mutations R800L-SCN5A and A261V-SNTA1 on cardiac sodium channels. A Caucasian family with syncope and marginally prolonged QT interval was screened for LQTS-susceptibility genes(More)
The effectiveness of the nonmetabolizable second messenger analogue DL-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphorothioate (IPS3) described by Cooke, A. M., R. Gigg, and B. V. L. Potter, (1987b. Jour. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1525-1526.) was examined in triads purified from rabbit skeletal muscle. A Ca2+ electrode uptake-release assay was used to determine the size and(More)
The kinetics of Ca2+ release induced by the second messenger D-myoinositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (IP3), by the hydrolysis-resistant analogue D-myoinositol 1,4,5 trisphosphorothioate (IPS3), and by micromolar Ca2+ were resolved on a millisecond time scale in the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of rabbit skeletal muscle. The total Ca2+ mobilized by IP3(More)
Peak Na current underlies excitability and conduction in the heart, and late non-inactivating or slowly inactivating Na current plays a role in action potential duration. We hypothesized that different alpha subunit isoforms or beta1 subunit co-expression might affect late Na current. The human Na channel alpha subunits hNa(v)1.5 (hH1a) and hNa(v)1.4(More)
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