Carmen Pizzorni

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OBJECTIVE To correlate microvascular abnormalities, evaluated by nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC), with the duration of both Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) from the date of diagnosis, in a large number of patients with SSc. METHODS Ninety-seven consecutive patients were recruited and distributed into 3 groups on the basis of the(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular lesions are a predominant feature in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and seem to play a central pathogenetic role. Recently, we graded scleroderma microangiopathy by nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) into three NVC patterns (early, active and late). The aim of the present study was to confirm, in a larger number of SSc patients, the(More)
Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is the most common and significant clinical condition with an indication for a microvascular analysis to be carried out as soon as possible. Microvascular involvement is a key feature of RP and several rheumatic diseases are characterised by the presence of RP. Nailfold capillary microscopy shows an impressive cost/effectiveness(More)
BACKGROUND Longitudinal study to define a scoring system to quantify the specific capillary abnormalities, as observed by capillary microscopy in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Ninety patients with SSc were evaluated by nailfold videocapillaroscopy for an average of 72 (SD 23) months. Enlarged and giant capillaries, haemorrhages, loss of capillaries,(More)
Vitamin D is synthesized from cholesterol in the skin (80-90%) under the sunlight and then metabolized into an active D hormone in liver, kidney and peripheral immune/inflammatory cells. These endocrine-immune effects include also the coordinated activities of the vitamin D-activating enzyme, 1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1), and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) on(More)
Generally, androgens exert suppressive effects on both humoral and cellular immune responses and seem to represent natural anti-inflammatory hormones; in contrast, estrogens exert immunoenhancing activities, at least on humoral immune response. Low levels of gonadal androgens (testosterone/dihydrotestosterone) and adrenal androgens (dehydroepiandrosterone(More)
Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is one of the earliest clinical hallmarks of microvascular involvement in several connective autoimmune rheumatic diseases. The direct observation of the microvasculature with nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) is useful for an early diagnosis of connective autoimmune diseases (secondary RP) and differentiation from primary(More)
Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) represents the most frequent clinical aspect of cardio/microvascular involvement and is a key feature of several autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Moreover, RP is associated in a statistically significant manner with many coronary diseases. In normal conditions or in primary RP (excluding during the cold-exposure test), the normal(More)
BACKGROUND Leflunomide and its active metabolite A77 1726 reversibly inhibits the enzyme dihydro-orotate dehydrogenase, the rate limiting step in de novo synthesis of pyrimidines and progression of the cell cycle in different cell lines, mainly activated T lymphocytes. OBJECTIVE To analyse in vitro the possible anti-inflammatory effects exerted by A77(More)