Carmen Pheiffer

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A cohort of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in a South African admixed population was investigated to determine if the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms FokI, ApaI, and TaqI are associated with TB susceptibility or time to sputum conversion, and to investigate other clinical and demographic factors affecting the rate of response to treatment.(More)
A hallmark of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis life cycle is the pathogen's ability to switch between replicative and non-replicative states in response to host immunity. Transcriptional profiling by qPCR of ∼ 50 M. tuberculosis genes involved in central and lipid metabolism revealed a re-routing of carbon flow associated with bacterial growth arrest during(More)
The stems, leaves and flowers of Cyclopia have been consumed as a herbal tea 'honeybush tea' to treat various medical ailments since the 19th century. Plant polyphenols are reported to inhibit adipogenesis in cell and animal models of obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hot water extracts of two Cyclopia species, C. maculata and C.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether time to detection (TTD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in BACTEC Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) 960 and BACTEC 460 TB systems can be used as an alternative to colony-forming unit (cfu) counting. DESIGN A single sputum sample recovered from each of 22 patients with tuberculosis (TB) was cultured on Middlebrook(More)
The Beijing strain family has often been associated with tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks and drug resistance worldwide. In this study the authors have compared the protein expression and antigen recognition profiles of a local Beijing strain with a less prevalent clinical isolate belonging to the family 23 strain lineage, and the laboratory strain Mycobacterium(More)
SCOPE The rare enolic phenylpyruvic acid-2-O-glucoside, (PPAG:Z-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3-phenylpropenoic acid), is one of the major constituents of fermented rooibos infusions. 3-Phenylpyruvic acid (2-oxo-3-phenylpropanoic acid), without the sugar moiety and with a keto form instead of an enolic arrangement, has been shown to enhance insulin release and(More)
New drugs that can shorten tuberculosis (TB) treatment and target drug resistant strains are urgently needed. A test which could predict patients at risk of a delayed response to treatment would facilitate clinical trials of new anti-tuberculosis drugs. A widely-used test for the assessment of response to treatment is sputum smear examination. Patients who(More)
Epigenetic mechanisms are associated with the development of many chronic diseases and due to their reversible nature offer a unique window of opportunity to reverse the disease phenotype. This study investigated whether global DNA methylation correlates with dysglycemia in the vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops). Diet-induced changes in DNA methylation(More)
Obesity, a complex metabolic disorder, is characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Increased expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) during obesity is an adaptive response to suppress the production of reactive oxygen species. The aims of this study were to compare the expression of UCP2 in diet-induced obese Wistar rats that(More)