Carmen Peralta

Learn More
CONTEXT A triple-marker approach for chronic kidney disease (CKD) evaluation has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether combining creatinine, cystatin C, and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) would improve identification of risks associated with CKD compared with creatinine alone. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective cohort(More)
Previous studies indicate that ischemic preconditioning protects against lung injury resulting from hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) release from Kupffer cells. The present study investigated whether this effect is limited to the lung or is a generalized systemic response and explores the molecular(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury associated with liver transplantation remains a serious complication in clinical practice, in spite of several attempts to solve the problem. The present review focuses on the complexity of I/R injury, summarizing conflicting results obtained from the literature about the mechanisms responsible for it. We also review the(More)
The National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) guideline for evaluation, classification, and stratification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was published in 2002. The KDOQI guideline was well accepted by the medical and public health communities, but concerns and criticisms arose as new evidence became available since(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing global public health concern, particularly among populations of African ancestry. We performed an interrogation of known renal loci, genome-wide association (GWA), and IBC candidate-gene SNP association analyses in African Americans from the CARe Renal Consortium. In up to 8,110 participants, we performed(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of physical and laboratory abnormalities including hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and abdominal obesity. Over the past decade, the metabolic syndrome has emerged as a critically important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS A large population-based cross-sectional(More)
This study evaluates whether preconditioning could modulate the injurious effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) on liver and lung following hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) by inhibiting hepatic postischemic TNF release. The inhibition of hepatic TNF release from Kupffer cells with gadolinium chloride (GdCl(3)) previous to ischemia maintained TNF at(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury associated with hepatic resections and liver transplantation remains a serious complication in clinical practice, in spite of several attempts to solve the problem. AIMS To evaluate the response of the hepatocyte to ischemia METHODS Published data are thus revised. RESULTS The response of the hepatocyte to(More)
BACKGROUND Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory marker thought to be more specific to vascular inflammation than C-reactive protein (CRP). Whether PTX3 is independently associated with adverse events among persons with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), independently of CRP, and whether kidney dysfunction influences these associations are not known. (More)
Hepatic steatosis is a major risk factor in ischemia-reperfusion. The present study evaluates whether preconditioning, demonstrated to be effective in normal livers, could also confer protection in the presence of steatosis and investigates the potential underlying protective mechanisms. Fatty rats had increased hepatic injury and decreased survival after(More)