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Streptozotocin (STZ) is used to induce experimental diabetes in rodents. There is however, controversy as to whether STZ induced diabetes models type 1 or 2 diabetes. We show that the grade of STZ-induced hyperglycemia in male CD1 mice is dependent on STZ dose. A single injection of high dose (130 or 150 mg/Kg body weight) or multiple injections (2, 3, 4 or(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the activities of some enzymes of the heme biosynthesis pathway and their relationship with the profile of urinary porphyrin excretion in individuals exposed chronically to arsenic (As) via drinking water in Region Lagunera, Mexico. We selected 17 individuals from each village studied: Benito Juarez, which has current exposure(More)
A group of ten Arcobacter isolates (Gram negative, slightly curved motile rods, oxidase positive) was recovered from mussels (nine) and from clams (one). These isolates could not be assigned to any known species using the molecular identification methods specific for this genus (16S rDNA-RFLP and m-PCR). The aim of this study is to establish the taxonomic(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that the polymorphic variation of GLUT1 glucose transporter may contribute to genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in some populations. We have evaluated the GLUT1-XbaI polymorphism in an association study of a Caucasian Mediterranean population and its role in the susceptibility to displaying either microangiopathic(More)
BACKGROUND Vaspin and omentin are recently described molecules that belong to the adipokine family and seem to be related to metabolic risk factors. The objectives of this study were twofold: to evaluate vaspin and omentin circulating levels and mRNA expression in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues in non-diabetic morbidly obese women; and to assess(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The relationship between polymorphisms at the alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (ADH(2)), ADH(3), CYP(450)2E1 and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH(2)) loci and the individual predisposition to alcoholism and alcoholic liver disease in Caucasians is controversial. METHODS We determined the genotypes of ADH(2), ADH(3), CYP(450)2E1 (Pst-I and Dra-I) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The adipocyte/macrophage fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) has been described as a biomarker for adiposity and metabolic syndrome (MS). The aims of this study were to assess the relationship between FABP4 and inflammatory cytokines related to obesity, and to evaluate FABP4 mRNA expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue in(More)
Lipid accumulation in the human liver seems to be a crucial mechanism in the pathogenesis and the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to evaluate gene expression of different fatty acid (FA) metabolism-related genes in morbidly obese (MO) women with NAFLD. Liver expression of key genes related to de novo FA synthesis (LXRα,(More)
We have studied hepatic function in individuals chronically exposed to arsenic (As) via drinking water in Region Lagunera, Mexico. We studied 51 individuals living in three villages exposed to As in water. Nazareno (0.014 mgAs/l), Santa Ana (0.1 mgAs/l) and Benito Juárez (0.3 mgAs/l). We determined the serum activity of aspartate aminotransferase (SAT) and(More)
Because the role of lipocalin 2 (LCN2) in morbid obesity is still not well defined, the aim of this study was to evaluate the circulating levels and the expression of LCN2 in visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in severely obese (SO) women. We also analyzed its relationship with inflammatory cytokines in the same subjects. The study(More)