Carmen Morales-Caselles

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In November 2002, the oil spill from the tanker Prestige in the Galician Coast caused an ecological catastrophe in Spain. The adverse effects associated with the contaminants bound to sediments were tested using juveniles of the fish Sparus aurata (seabream). The approach evaluates sediment quality by using an integrated assessment including chemical and(More)
The goal of this work was to establish comparisons among environmental degradation in different areas from Southern Spain (Gulf of Cádiz) and Brazil (Santos and São Vicente estuary), by using principal component analyses (PCA) to integrate sediment toxicity (amphipods mortality) and chemical-physical data (Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni, Co, V, PCBs, PAHs(More)
The quality of sediments collected from two areas of the Spanish coast affected by different sources of contaminants has been compared in this study. The areas studied are the coast of Galicia affected by the oil spill from the tanker Prestige (November 2002) and the Gulf of Cádiz which suffers continuous inputs of contaminants from industries located in(More)
In an attempt to incorporate both line of evidence (LOE) and classical weight of evidence (WOE) approaches for the assessment of sediment quality, a set of biomarkers were analyzed in target tissues of two invertebrate species after 28 days of exposure to sediments impacted by oil (derived from the tanker Prestige (2002)). The integration of biomarkers with(More)
Sediment contamination and three bioassays were used to determine the sediment quality four years after an oil spill (Prestige, 2002): the Microtox test, a 10-day bioassay using the amphipod Ampelisca brevicornis, and a polychaete 10-day toxicity test with the lugworm Arenicola marina. In addition, bioaccumulation of PAHs was examined in the polychaete(More)
Sediment quality assessments for regulatory purposes (i.e. dredged material disposal) are characterized by linking chemical and acute ecotoxicological data. The design of chronic bioassays that incorporate more sensible endpoints than acute tests is discussed to address sediment quality for environmental quality assessment and regulatory proposes. The(More)
Sediments in the National Park of the Atlantic Islands (Galicia, Spain) were affected by the spill of the tanker Prestige (November, 2002) and still present high levels of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The adverse effects associated with the contaminants in sediments were tested using a chronic bioassay, exposing juveniles of the fish Sparus aurata(More)
This study was performed to determine sublethal responses of two invertebrate species by using field deployments in areas affected by oil spills, which are acute in the Galician Coast (NNW, Spain) and chronic in the Bay of Algeciras (SSW, Spain). The organisms employed were the crab Carcinus maenas and the clam Ruditapes philippinarum, and during 28 days(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate a sediment toxicity and bioavailability test with the polychaete Arenicola marina as a potential tool to assess sediments contaminated by oil spills. A bioassay using the lugworm Arenicola marina was carried out in order to determine toxicity and bioaccumulation associated with the contaminants present in the fuel(More)
To evaluate sediment quality in different areas affected by oil spills, a weight of evidence approach was employed by including a complete set of parameters as part of four lines of evidence: sediment contamination, biological effects (including biomarkers) and bioaccumulation under laboratory conditions, toxicity in field conditions and benthic community(More)