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The TOL plasmid upper pathway operon encodes enzymes involved in the catabolism of aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylenes. The regulator of the gene pathway, the XylR protein, exhibits a very broad effector specificity, being able to recognize as effectors not only pathway substrates but also a wide variety of mono- and disubstituted methyl-,(More)
By multiplex reverse transcription-PCR, we demonstrate that the SoxRS response, which protects cells against superoxide toxicity, is triggered also by hydrogen peroxide. SoxR-dependent inductions of 7. 3-, 7.6-, 4.6-, 2.2-, and 2.6-fold were quantified for soxS, micF, sodA, inaA, and fpr transcripts, respectively. This finding suggests an extensive and(More)
We quantitated the copy number of mRNAs (NTG1, NTG2, OGG1, APN1, APN2, MSH2, MSH6, REV3, RAD30) encoding different DNA repair enzymes and translesion-synthesis polymerases in yeast. Quantitations reported examine how the steady-state number of each transcript is modulated in association with the growth in glucose-fermentative medium, and evaluate the(More)
This study reports a genetic analysis of the interactions between a positive regulator of gene expression and its effector molecules. Transcription of the TOL plasmid meta-cleavage pathway operon is specifically stimulated by the XylS protein positive regulator either through activation of this regulator by benzoate effectors or through its hyperproduction.(More)
Rob is regarded as a constitutively expressed protein, although little is known about how rob gene is regulated. We show here by reverse transcription-PCR that the transcriptional levels of rob are strongly down-regulated in response to the superoxide-generating agent paraquat (PQ). Repression reached a maximum of 20-fold after 10 min exposure at 10 microM(More)
The XylS protein is the positive regulator of the promoter controlling the meta-cleavage pathway (Pm) for catabolism of certain alkylbenzoates on the TOL plasmid of Pseudomonas. Transcription from Pm is mediated by XylS either in the presence of benzoate effectors or through XylS hyperproduction. Two regions of the NH2 terminus of XylS (residues 37-45) had(More)
The XylS protein is the positive regulator of the TOL plasmid-encoded meta-cleavage pathway for the metabolism of alkylbenzoates in Pseudomonas putida. This protein is activated by a variety of benzoate analogues. To elucidate the functional domains of the regulator and their interactions, several fusions of the XylS C-terminus to MS2 polymerase and of the(More)
In this study, we have analyzed the expression of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 mexAB-oprM efflux pump operon and of the regulatory gene pmeR, and we have investigated the role of the PmeR protein on transcription from both promoters. We demonstrate that mexAB-oprM and pmeR are expressed in vivo at a relatively high and moderate basal level,(More)
At least twenty-seven proteins belong to the XylS/AraC family of prokaryote transcriptional regulators. All members of this family except CelD and TetD are positive transcriptional factors. Three subgroups were distinguished within the family in accordance with the Needleman and Wunsch algorithm. Multiple alignment of these proteins revealed that they(More)
Simultaneous expression of seven genes in Escherichia coli was measured by a reverse transcription-multiplex PCR fluorescence procedure. Genes studied were (i) oxyR (transcriptional regulator); (ii) katG, dps, gorA, and ahpCF (controlled by OxyR); (iii) sodA (controlled by SoxRS); and (iv) trxA (not related to OxyR or SoxRS). Except for trxA, transcription(More)