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Reduced number of neurons is a common feature in Down's syndrome (DS) brains. Since reduced neuronal number also occurs in the dentate gyrus of Ts65Dn mice (TS), a model for DS, hippocampal cell proliferation and survival were analyzed in young and old TS mice. For evaluating proliferation and survival, half of the mice were sacrificed 1 day, and the other(More)
Ts65Dn (TS), control littermates (CO) and Swiss (SW) male mice were tested in the elevated plus-maze and in the Morris water maze (MWM) for memory evaluation. In the plus-maze, each mouse was placed at the end of an open arm and initial freezing and the time to enter into an enclosed arm (transfer latency) were measured. SW mice decreased both measures over(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of mental disability. Based on the homology of Hsa21 and the murine chromosomes Mmu16, Mmu17 and Mmu10, several mouse models of DS have been developed. The most commonly used model, the Ts65Dn mouse, has been widely used to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying the mental disabilities seen in DS(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is associated with neurological complications, including cognitive deficits that lead to impairment in intellectual functioning. Increased GABA-mediated inhibition has been proposed as a mechanism underlying deficient cognition in the Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of DS. We show that chronic treatment of these mice with RO4938581(More)
Accumulating evidence has suggested that neurotrophins participate in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. We have developed transgenic mice overexpressing the full-length neurotrophin-3 receptor TrkC (TgNTRK3) in the central nervous system. TgNTRK3 mice show increased anxiety-like behavior and enhancement of panic reaction in the mouse defense test(More)
The most commonly used model of Down syndrome, the Ts65Dn (TS) mouse, is trisomic for most of the region of MMU16 that is homologous to HSA21. This mouse shares many phenotypic characteristics with people with Down syndrome including behavioral and cognitive alterations. The objective of this study was to analyze the ability of two drugs that improve(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) signaling has an increasing interest in regenerative medicine as a potential tool to repair cartilages, however the chondrogenic effect of this pathway in developing systems is controversial. Here we have analyzed the function of TGFbeta signaling in the differentiation of the developing limb mesoderm in vivo and in(More)
Several studies open up the possibility that chronic exposure to opioid drugs in the CNS would interfere with learning and memory through a neurotoxic effect related to activation of apoptotic pathways. Here, we have analyzed the effects of prolonged heroin administration on sensorimotor and cognitive performance in mice, as well as the associated changes(More)
Ts65Dn mice have an extra chromosome that contains a segment of chromosome 16 homologous to the Down syndrome 'critical region' of human chromosome 21. Since pain transmission and expression may be limited in people with mental disabilities, including Down syndrome, responsiveness to nociception in Ts65Dn mice was compared with that in their control(More)
Mental retardation in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is thought to result from anomalous development and function of the brain; however, the underlying neuropathological processes have yet to be determined. Early implementation of special care programs result in limited, and temporary, cognitive improvements in DS individuals. In the present study, we(More)