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The role of tumour marker assays in differentiating malignant from benign pleural effusions is not yet clear. This study was designed to prospectively assess the individual and combined diagnostic utility of three tumour markers in patients with pleural effusion. Pleural and serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3)(More)
NVA237 (glycopyrronium bromide) is a once-daily long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) in development for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The GLycopyrronium bromide in COPD airWays clinical Study 2 (GLOW2) evaluated the efficacy and safety of NVA237 in moderate-to-severe COPD over 52 weeks. Patients were randomised 2:1:1 to NVA237 50 μg,(More)
To date, few studies have addressed the relationship between brain structure alterations and responses to atypical antipsychotics in schizophrenia. To this end, in this study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) were used to assess the relationship between the brain volumes of gray (GM) and white (WM) matters and the clinical(More)
The long-term outcome of schizophrenia patients may differ depending on their brain structure. This would be reflected in significant structural differences between poor-outcome (i.e., Kraepelinian) and non-Kraepelinian patients. To assess this possibility, we have evaluated the degree of deviation in brain structure in Kraepelinian patients with respect to(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports show different cerebral activity patterns during treatment with clozapine and typical neuroleptics. However, to date no study has directly compared the brain activity patterns while subjects are undergoing treatment with clozapine and other atypical antipsychotics. This comparison is of interest, given the probably different(More)
Spontaneous remission is a well known characteristic of idiopathic membranous nephropathy, but contemporary studies describing predictors of remission and long-term outcomes are lacking. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of 328 patients with nephrotic syndrome resulting from idiopathic membranous nephropathy that initially received(More)
BACKGROUND This randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled, four-period crossover study assessed the efficacy and safety of once-daily QVA149, a dual bronchodilator consisting of the long-acting β2-agonist indacaterol and the long-acting muscarinic antagonist glycopyrronium (NVA237), in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary(More)
Sensorimotor gating deficits are relevant in schizophrenia and can be measured using prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle reflex. It is conceivable that such deficits may hinder the cognitive functions in schizophrenia patients. In this study, using PPI and a neuropsychological battery, we studied this possibility in a group of 23 acute,(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increasing consideration for a disorganized cerebral activity in schizophrenia, perhaps relating to a synaptic inhibitory deficit in the illness. Noise power (scalp-recorded electroencephalographic activity unlocked to stimuli) may offer a non-invasive window to assess this possibility. METHODS 29 minimally-treated patients with(More)
In April 1992 an outbreak of severe respiratory illness occurred among aerographic textile workers in the area of Alcoi, Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain. An epidemiological study linked this outbreak to the use of a reformulated aerosolized product, Acramin-FWN. We analyzed clinical, laboratory, and pathological data of the first 14 patients with(More)