Carmen M. Perez‐Terzic

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Aging is a highly complex biological process that is believed to involve multiple mechanisms. Mice that have small amounts of the mitotic checkpoint protein BubR1 age much faster than normal mice, but whether other mitotic checkpoint genes function to prevent the early onset of aging is unknown. In this study, we show that several aging-associated(More)
Intact, isolated nuclei and a nuclear membrane (ghost) preparation were used to study regulation of the movement of small molecules across the Xenopus laevis oocyte nuclear membrane. In contrast to models of the nuclear pore complex, which assume passive bidirectional diffusion of molecules less than 70 kilodaltons, diffusion of intermediate-sized molecules(More)
Calreticulin (crt) is an ubiquitously expressed and multifunctional Ca(2+)-binding protein that regulates diverse vital cell functions, including Ca(2+) storage in the ER and protein folding. Calreticulin deficiency in mice is lethal in utero due to defects in heart development and function. Herein, we used crt(-/-) embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiated(More)
BACKGROUND Nuclear reprogramming provides an emerging strategy to produce embryo-independent pluripotent stem cells from somatic tissue. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) demonstrate aptitude for de novo cardiac differentiation, yet their potential for heart disease therapy has not been tested. METHODS AND RESULTS In this study, fibroblasts transduced(More)
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is essential for the transit of molecules between the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm of a cell and until recently was thought to allow intermediate-sized molecules (relative molecular mass of approximately 10,000) to diffuse freely across the nuclear envelope. However, the depletion of calcium from the nuclear envelope of Xenopus(More)
Embryonic stem cells have the distinct potential for tissue regeneration, including cardiac repair. Their propensity for multilineage differentiation carries, however, the liability of neoplastic growth, impeding therapeutic application. Here, the tumorigenic threat associated with embryonic stem cell transplantation was suppressed by cardiac-restricted(More)
Macromolecules are transported in and out of the nucleus through nuclear pores. It is poorly understood how these megadalton conduits support nucleocytoplasmic traffic during genetic reprogramming associated with cell commitment to a specific lineage. Murine embryonic stem cells were differentiated into cardiomyocytes within embryoid bodies, and contracting(More)
The unique case of a baritone with a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) causing recurrent, acute paraplegia during singing is described. This case underscores the presence of impaired venous drainage in these lesions and the high level of clinical suspicion required for their diagnosis in patients with any myelopathy.
BACKGROUND Embryonic stem cells possess a pluripotent transcriptional background with the developmental capacity for distinct cell fates. Simultaneous expression of genetic elements for multiple outcomes obscures cascades relevant to specific cell phenotypes. To map molecular patterns critical to cardiogenesis, we interrogated gene expression in stem cells(More)
Communication between the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm of cardiac cells occurs by molecular transport through nuclear pores. In lower eukaryotes, nuclear transport requires the maintenance of cellular energetics and ion homeostasis. Although heart muscle is particularly sensitive to metabolic stress, the regulation of nuclear transport through nuclear pores in(More)