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The cytokine interferon (IFN)-gamma regulates immune clearance of parasitic, bacterial, and viral infections; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, a family of IFN-gamma-induced genes has been identified that encode 48-kD GTP-binding proteins that localize to the endoplasmic reticulum of cells. The prototype of this family,(More)
Although interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion is essential for control of most intracellular pathogens, host survival often also depends on the expression of interleukin 10 (IL-10), a cytokine known to counteract IFN-gamma effector functions. We analyzed the source of regulatory IL-10 in mice infected with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii.(More)
The genetic determinants that confer upon Salmonella the ability to enter non-phagocytic cells are largely encoded in a pathogenicity island located at centisome 63 of the bacterial chromosome. Molecular genetic analysis has revealed that this region encodes a specialized protein secretion system that mediates the export and/or translocation of putative(More)
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