Carmen M. Bretones Callejas

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The contamination of cereals with mycotoxins produced by species ofFusarium is an important risk to human and animal health. The toxigenic profile is different depending on theFusarium species considered and, in some species, differences can also be observed at intraspecific level. Information about the distribution and variability of the(More)
Fusarium proliferatum is together with Fusarium verticillioides the main source of fumonisins, a health risk mycotoxin, contaminating agro-products. Contrary to F. verticillioides, it colonizes a wide range of host plants besides maize, such as wheat or barley among others, in particular in certain regions (Southern Europe). The phylogenetic study performed(More)
Biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), collected from the islands of Tenerife and Majorca respectively, were exposed to competition conditions on tomato cv. Marmande in the laboratory. Both biotypes were established in single and mixed cultures at different densities. Increased mortality of biotype Q females and immature instars was observed(More)
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to estimate the population structure and phylogenetic relationships among the eight species of the genus Barbus that inhabit the Iberian Peninsula. Ten random oligodecamers were used to amplify DNA from 232 fish sampled from 15 populations. A total of 270 markers were detected that revealed low(More)
Spanish freshwater ecosystems are suffering great modification and some macroinvertebrates like Austropotamobius italicus, the white-clawed crayfish, are threatened. This species was once widely distributed in Spain, but its populations have shown a very strong decline over the last thirty years, due to different factors. Three Spanish populations of this(More)
Nucleotide sequence fragments of the mitochondrial DNA gene encoding cytochrome b were examined in 26 individuals belonging to the seven species of Barbus endemic to the Iberian Peninsula: Barbus haasi, B. bocagei, B. graellsii, B. sclateri, B. comiza, B. guiraonis, and B. microcephalus. Six of the seven currently recognized species can be distinguished on(More)
Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are a species-rich and economically important group. The phylogenetic relationships among the many taxa are still to be fully resolved and the monophyly of several groups is still to be confirmed. This paper reports a study of the phylogenetic relationships among 23 economically important tephritid species (representing(More)
OBJECTIVE In Chile very little information is available on severe community-acquired pneumonia treated in intensive care units. This study describes the clinical picture, prognostic factors, and treatment of adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit for severe community-acquired pneumonia. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 113 consecutive patients(More)
The white-clawed crayfish is endemic to western and southern Europe and its populations have decreased over recent decades. Spanish populations are generally poorly represented in scientific reports and are usually studied only with a single molecular marker. Here, we use two mitochondrial markers (cytochrome oxidase subunit I and rDNA 16S genes) to examine(More)
The white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius italicus), a cornerstone of Spain’s aquatic ecosystems, was once widely distributed throughout much of the country. Unfortunately, its populations have suffered very strong declines over the last 40 years due to the spread of introduced species (red swamp and signal crayfishes), diseases, habitat loss and other(More)