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Sir, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains belonging to clonal lineage sequence type (ST) 398 are being reported at an increasing frequency in Europe. 1 This new MRSA type has been isolated from colonized and infected animals and humans, and also from meat in some countries, 1,2 representing a risk to human health; nevertheless, so far,(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine the genetic lineages and the incidence of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants of nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates of healthy donkeys destined to food consumption in Tunisia. RESULTS Nasal swabs of 100 donkeys obtained in a large slaughterhouse in 2010 were inoculated in specific(More)
Nasal swabs of 100 healthy dogs were obtained in 2011 in Tunisia and tested for Staphylococcus pseudintermedius recovery. Antimicrobial resistance profile and virulence gene content were determined. Multilocus-sequence-typing (MLST) and SmaI-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were investigated. S. pseudintermedius was recovered in 55 of the 100 tested(More)
This paper investigates the relationships among controlled language (CL), machine translation (MT) quality, and post-editing (PE). Previous research has shown that the use of CL improves the quality of MT. By extension, we assume that the use of CL will lead to greater productivity or reduced PE effort. The paper examines whether this three-way relationship(More)
In the Microsoft Natural Language Processing System (MSNLP), grammar sharing between English, French, Spanish, and German has been an important means for speeding up the development time for the latter grammars. Despite significant typological differences between these languages, a mature English grammar was taken as the starting point for each of the other(More)
readmitted 18 days later with nasal congestion, cough, and high fever. PCR results were again positive for pandemic (H1N1) 2009, and the patient was successfully treated with oseltamivir. Patient 2 and probably patient 3 acquired their infections while hospitalized , suggesting potential nosoco-mial transmission. No other respiratory viruses were found in(More)
To the Editor: We report a case of empyema caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type ST398 in a 79-year-old man in Spain who had severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In 2009, the patient was hospitalized in the intensive care unit because of decompensation of his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, profound(More)
Identification of the novel spectinomycin resistance gene spw in methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus of human and animal origin Sir, Spectinomycin resistance in staphylococci is mostly mediated by spectinomycin 9-O-adenyltransferase encoded by the spc gene. 1 This gene is located together with the macrolide – lincosamide(More)
The occurrence, resistance phenotype and molecular mechanisms of resistance of methicillin-resistant staphylococci from groin swabs of 109 clinically healthy dogs in Nsukka, Nigeria were investigated. The groin swab samples were cultured on mannitol salt agar supplemented with 10 μg of cloxacillin. Sixteen methicillin-resistant coagulase negative(More)
DNA fingerprinting is a technique for comparing DNA patterns that has applications in a wide variety of contexts. Several commercial and freely-available tools can be used to analyze DNA fingerprint gel images; however, commercial tools are expensive and usually difficult to use; and, free tools support the basic functionality for DNA fingerprint analysis,(More)