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AIMS To determine the biodiversity of rhizobial strains nodulating Cicer arietinum L. in representative soils from various areas of Morocco. METHODS AND RESULTS Symbiotic traits, utilization of 49 carbohydrate sources, resistance to antibiotics and heavy metals, tolerance to salinity, to extreme temperatures and pH were studied as phenotypic markers. In(More)
In this work we have investigated the contribution of pretreatment with 0.1 and 0.5mM salicylic acid (SA) to the protection against salt stress in root nodules of Medicago sativa in symbiosis with Sinorhizobium meliloti. SA alleviated the inhibition induced by salinity in the plant growth and photosynthetic capacity of M. sativa-S. meliloti symbiosis. In(More)
Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula model legumes, which form determined and indeterminate nodules, respectively, provide a convenient system to study plant-Rhizobium interaction and to establish differences between the two types of nodules under salt stress conditions. We examined the effects of 25 and 50mM NaCl doses on growth and nitrogen fixation(More)
Fifteen genotypes of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) were inoculated with salt-tolerant Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar. viciae strain GRA 19 in solution culture with 0 (control) and 75 mM NaCl added immediately after transplanting. Genotypes varied in their tolerance of high levels of NaCl. Physiological parameters (dry weight of shoot and root, number and dry(More)
Acid phosphatase (ACP) activity in common bean grown with or without 1.5 mM of phosphate has been examined. Leaves and root nodules responded to the absence of an exogenous phosphate source with an increase in ACP activity. Increases in enzyme activity were not associated with the synthesis of new isoforms of the enzyme. We partially purified and(More)
Common bean plants inoculated with salt-tolerant Rhizobium tropici wild-type strain CIAT899 formed a more active symbiosis than did its decreased salt-tolerance (DST) mutant derivatives (HB8, HB10, HB12 and HB13). The mutants formed partially effective (HB10, HB12) or almost ineffective (HB8, HB13) nodules (Fix(d)) under non-saline conditions. The DST(More)
Previously, we reported (a) a positive correlation between the nitrate concentrations in growth medium and ethylene evolved from uninoculated and inoculated alfalfa (Medicago sativa) roots and (b) a negative correlation between ethylene evolution and nodulation. Here, we report that the inhibitory effect of NO(3) (-) on nodulation of alfalfa can be(More)
Trehalose (alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-1,1-alpha-D-glucopyranoside), a non-reducing disaccharide, has been found in a wide variety of organisms playing an important role as an abiotic stress protectant. Plants may come into contact with trehalose from exogenous sources, such as in plant-rhizobia symbiosis in which the rhizobia have the capacity to produce(More)
The effects of different carbon and nitrogen sources on the growth, nitrogenase activity, and carbon metabolism of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus were investigated. The amino acids asparagine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid affected microbial growth and nitrogenase activity. Several enzymatic activities involved in the tricarboxylic acid cycle were(More)
Several nitrogen compounds were identified and quantified in the apoplastic and symplastic sap of sugarcane stems. The sap of stems was composed mainly of soluble sugars, which constituted 95% of the total organic compounds detected. Sap also contained nitrogen compounds, with amino acids (50-70% of N) and proteins (20-30% of N), being the main nitrogenous(More)