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BACKGROUND Current knowledge of the risk for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) rests on studies that narrowly selected patients and procedures. Hypothesizing that PPC occurrence could be predicted from a reduced set of perioperative variables, we aimed to develop a predictive index for a broad surgical population. METHODS Patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Intraoperative Doppler ultrasound can be used to measure cardiac output by transoesophageal echocardiography. Recently, its reliability, when compared to the thermodilution technique, has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to compare intraoperative changes in cardiac output measured by echo-Doppler and by thermodilution(More)
New direct oral anticoagulant agents (DOAC) are currently licensed for thromboprophylaxis after hip and knee arthroplasty and for long-term prevention of thromboembolic events in non-valvular atrial fibrillation as well as treatment and secondary prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism. Some other medical indications are emerging. Thus, anaesthesiologists are(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess risk factors for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in adults with normal renal function hospitalized for major surgery. To analyze mortality and length of hospital stay in patients who develop postoperative AKI. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data for analysis were drawn from the 2006 ARISCAT study. The dependent variable was(More)
Epidural analgesia is the most effective and innocuous technique for obstetrics. Pain relief is its main indication but maternal diseases that might be decompensated by labour and delivery are also accepted indications. Low doses of long-acting local anaesthetics alone or in combination with low doses of fentanyl or sufentanil provide good quality analgesia(More)
BACKGROUND Reversal of the residual effect of rocuronium or cisatracurium by neostigmine may be slow and associated with side-effects. This randomized, safety-assessor-blinded study compared the efficacy of sugammadex, a selective relaxant binding agent for reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block, with that of neostigmine for reversal of(More)
Since allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) is not harmless, multiple alternatives to ABT (AABT) have emerged, though there is great variability in their indications and appropriate use. This variability results from the interaction of a number of factors, including the specialty of the physician, knowledge and preferences, the degree of anemia, transfusion(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The increasing workload in anesthesiology together with the shortage of anesthetists has led to worldwide concern within the specialty. In 2003, the Catalan Society of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Therapy undertook the ANESCAT survey to determine the anesthesia practice workload in Catalonia, Spain. PATIENTS AND METHOD A(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this arm of the ANESCAT 2003 study was to describe the temporal distribution and types of anesthesia used in Catalonia, Spain, in 2003, along with the associated human resources used. PATIENTS AND METHOD Data were used from a survey of 23,136 anesthetic procedures collected on 14 randomly selected days in 2003 and an(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Pregnancy and the peripartum period represent a physiological burden for the cardiac patient that can worsen even moderate degrees of cardiac disease. Valvular stenotic diseases, congenital cardiac disease, and coronary insufficiency are relatively frequent in pregnant patients. Since considerable variability exists in the cardiovascular(More)