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Inflammation is a complex phenomenon involving multiple cellular and molecular interactions which must be tightly regulated. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX) is the key enzyme that catalyzes the two sequential steps in the biosynthesis of PGs from arachidonic acid. The inducible isoform of COX, namely COX-2, plays a critical role in the inflammatory response and its(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease. It is characterized by a progressive loss of dopamine in the substantia nigra and striatum. However, over 70% of dopaminergic neuronal death occurs before the first symptoms appear, which makes either early diagnosis or effective treatments extremely(More)
Chromosome 17 is severely rearranged in breast cancer. Whereas the short arm undergoes frequent losses, the long arm harbors complex combinations of gains and losses. In this work we present a comprehensive study of quantitative anomalies at chromosome 17 by genomic array-comparative genomic hybridization and of associated RNA expression changes by cDNA(More)
Melatonin is an indolamine mostly produced in the pineal gland, soluble in water, and highly lipophilic, which allows it to readily cross the blood-brain barrier. Melatonin possesses antioxidant properties and its long-term administration in rodents has not been found to cause noteworthy side effects. In the present work, we found that millimolar(More)
—This paper introduces a new parallel carrier recovery architecture suitable for ultra-high speed intradyne coherent optical receivers (e.g., ≥ 40Gb/s). The proposed scheme combines a novel low-latency parallel digital phase locked loop (DPLL) with a feedforward carrier phase recovery (CPR) algorithm. The new low-latency parallel DPLL is designed to(More)
Glucocorticoids are the main product of the adrenal cortex and participate in multiple cell functions as immunosupressors and modulators of neural function. Within the brain, glucocorticoid activity is mediated by high-affinity mineralocorticoid and low-affinity glucocorticoid receptors. Among brain cells, hippocampal cells are rich in glucocorticoid(More)
To investigate the clinical value of somatic TP53 mutations in breast cancer, we assembled clinical and molecular data on 1,794 women with primary breast cancer with long-term follow-up and whose tumor has been screened for mutation in exons 5 to 8 of TP53 by gene sequencing. TP53 mutations were more frequent in tumors of ductal and medullar types,(More)
Oxidative stress has been shown to mediate neuron damage in Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present report, we intend to clarify the intracellular pathways mediating dopaminergic neuron death after oxidative stress production using post-mitotic PC12 cells treated with the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). The use of post-mitotic cells is crucial,(More)
Parkinson's disease is a chronic condition characterized by cell death of dopaminergic neurons mainly in the substantia nigra. Among the several experimental models used in mice for the study of Parkinson's disease 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine- (MPTP-) induced parkinsonism is perhaps the most commonly used. This neurotoxin has classically(More)
Parkinson's disease has been widely related to both apoptosis and oxidative stress. Many publications relate the loss of mitochondrial potential to an apoptosis-mediated cell death in different in vivo and in vitro models of this pathology. The present study used the dopaminegic specific neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+) ) on neuron-like PC12(More)