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The maldistribution of health workers between urban and rural areas is a policy concern in virtually all countries. It prevents equitable access to health services, can contribute to increased health-care costs and underutilization of health professional skills in urban areas, and is a barrier to universal health coverage. To address this long-standing(More)
The World Health Report 2006 identified 57 countries worldwide whose health worker to population density fell below a critical threshold of 2.3 per 1,000 population. This meant that below this critical threshold, a country could not provide the basic health services to its population, defined here as 80% immunization coverage and 80% skilled birth(More)
This special theme issue of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization focuses on retention of health workers in rural and remote areas. Globally, half of the population lives in rural areas but they are only served by less than a quarter of all doctors and less than a third of all nurses. Therefore , providing people in rural areas with access to well(More)
In the context of the Millennium Development Goals, human resources represent the most critical constraint in achieving the targets. Therefore, it is important for health planners and decision-makers to identify what are the human resources required to meet those targets. Planning the human resources for health is a complex process. It needs to consider(More)
(fuente: DeCS BIREME). ABSTRACT The World Health Report 2006 identified 57 countries worldwide whose health worker to population density fell below a critical threshold of 2.3 per 1,000 population. This meant that below this critical threshold, a country could not provide the basic health services to its population, defined here as 80% immunization coverage(More)