Learn More
UNLABELLED Although two pegylated interferons (Peg-IFN) are available to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, no head-to-head comparative studies have been published. We aim to compare the efficacy and safety of PEG IFN alfa-2b (PEG 2b) versus PEG IFN alfa-2a (PEG 2a), plus ribavirin (RBV). A prospective, randomized, multi-center, open-label(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) is the standard of care for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in HIV-coinfected individuals. In 2007, abacavir (ABC)-based antiretroviral therapy was, for the first time, reported to be associated with early virological failure during HCV treatment. The aim of our study was to(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most important cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease leading to liver transplantation worldwide. Chronic infection by HCV causes liver fibrosis, which is accelerated by unknown mechanisms in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) coinfection. Although the genetic variability(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS This was a safety and efficacy pharmacogenetic study of a previously performed randomized trial which compared the effectiveness of treatment of hepatitis C virus infection with pegylated interferon alpha (pegIFNα) 2a vs. 2b, both with ribavirin, for 48 weeks, in HCV-HIV coinfected patients. METHODS The study groups were made of 99(More)
BACKGROUND The overall seroprevalence of HTLV infection among pregnant women in Spain is below 0.02% and accordingly universal antenatal screening is not recommended. However, as the number of immigrants has significantly increased during the last decade, this population might warrant specific considerations. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the seroprevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of indinavir, a protease inhibitor, and reverse-transcriptase inhibitors is widely used in the treatment of HIV-1 infection. However, precipitation of indinavir crystals in the renal tubular lumen due to the drug's aqueous insolubility may result in characteristic symptoms of flank pain or classic renal colic. An in vitro study(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the genetic pattern (GP) defined by the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs14158 of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and rs12979860 of interleukin-28B (IL28B) genes on the outcome and features of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and the development of HCV-related disease is accelerated in individuals coinfected with human immunodeficiency-1 virus (HIV). In the present study, we correlated different host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL28B, CTLA4, LDLr,(More)
A considerable number of patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) are not considered for treatment against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection due to a possible lower adherence and efficacy in this population. We aimed to compare the response rates to HCV treatment in patients with or without MMT. HCV-infected patients who initiated pegylated(More)
Background.  The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies (Abs) and active HCV infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV+) patients in Spain in 2015. This was a cross-sectional study. Methods.  The study was performed in 41 centers in 2015. Sample size was estimated for an accuracy of(More)