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The mechanisms responsible for the transcriptional silencing of pluripotency genes in differentiated cells are poorly understood. We have observed that cells lacking the tumor suppressor p27 can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in the absence of ectopic Sox2. Interestingly, cells and tissues from p27 null mice, including brain,(More)
The purpose of this work was to investigate if MYC-dependent intracellular mitogenic pathway is active in cultures of human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells and whether myc antisense phosphorotioate oligonucleotides (c-myc-AS-ODN) are useful tools for inhibiting the proliferation of hRPE cells. Cultures of hRPE cells were established from adult human(More)
Relative quiescence and self renewal are defining features of adult stem cells, but their potential coordination remains unclear. Subependymal neural stem cells (NSCs) lacking cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor (CKI) 1a (p21) exhibit rapid expansion that is followed by their permanent loss later in life. Here we demonstrate that transcription of the(More)
Millions of people worldwide suffer goiter, a proliferative disease of the follicular cells of the thyroid that may become neoplastic. Thyroid neoplasms have low proliferative index, low apoptotic index and a high incidence of metastasis. TGF-beta is overexpressed in thyroid follicular tumor cells. To investigate the role of TGF-beta in thyroid tumor(More)
Three negative regulators of cell cycle, the related proteins, pRB, p107 and p130, constitute the family of pocket proteins. pRB is a tumor suppressor which has drawn a lot of attention on its family of proteins, with the ensuing intense study of their biology. As a result we have a wealth of information on their biochemistry and biology, ranging from their(More)
Little is known about the TGF-beta1 mechanism that promotes thyroid cell growth arrest. We assessed TGF-beta1 effects on Fisher rat thyroid cell line (FRTL-5). This allowed us to study TGF-beta1 action on thyroid cells in various physiological situations such as actively proliferating cells, resting cells stimulated to proliferate by the action of various(More)
In the present report, we have found that primary fetal astrocytes express caspase 8 and undergo apoptosis in response to Fas ligation. In contrast, neonatal astrocytes do not express detectable levels of the enzyme and are resistant to Fas killing. Fas-induced apoptosis can be restored in these cells by up-regulation of caspase 8 expression by means of(More)
Low p27 expression in many human cancers is a prognostic indicator for poor outcome. While analysing the mechanism by which p27 deficiency contributed to tumor development in the Rb+/- mouse model, we identified a role for p27 as a proapoptotic tumor suppressor. We examined the cell cycle and apoptotic response of these pituitary tumor cells to the dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Desmoid tumors are benign neoplasms that most often arise from muscle aponeurosis and have been associated with both trauma and pregnancy. The etiology of desmoids has not been determined. CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS We present here four almost identical cases with desmoids occurring in the same location, the right rectus abdominus muscle in young(More)
Cellular reprogramming to iPSCs has uncovered unsuspected links between tumor suppressors and pluripotency factors. Using this system, it was possible to identify tumor suppressor p27 as a repressor of Sox2 during differentiation. This led to the demonstration that defects in the repression of Sox2 can contribute to tumor development. The members of the(More)