Carmen Beltran

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Ion channels are extraordinarily efficient machines that move ions in diversely controlled manners, allowing cells to rapidly exchange information with the outside world and with other cells. Communication is the currency of fertilization, as it is of most fundamental cell signaling events. Ion channels are deeply involved in the dialogue between sperm, its(More)
Ion channels and transporters, key elements in sperm-egg signaling and environmental sensing, are essential for fertilization. External cues and components from the outer envelopes of the egg influence sperm ion permeability and behavior. Combining in vivo measurements of membrane potential, intracellular ions, and second messengers with new molecular(More)
A proper dialogue between spermatozoa and the egg is essential for conception of a new individual in sexually reproducing animals. Ca(2+) is crucial in orchestrating this unique event leading to a new life. No wonder that nature has devised different Ca(2+)-permeable channels and located them at distinct sites in spermatozoa so that they can help fertilize(More)
Generating new life in animals by sexual reproduction depends on adequate communication between mature and competent male and female gametes. Ion channels are instrumental in the dialogue between sperm, its environment, and the egg. The ability of sperm to swim to the egg and fertilize it is modulated by ion permeability changes induced by environmental(More)
Intracellular Ca(2+) has an important regulatory role in the control of sperm motility, capacitation, and the acrosome reaction (AR). However, little is known about the molecular identity of the membrane systems that regulate Ca(2+) in sperm. In this report, we provide evidence for the expression of seven Drosophila transient receptor potential homolog(More)
During spermatogenesis the activity of intracellular Ca(2+)-release channels is likely to play an important role in different specific cellular functions. Accordingly, messenger RNAs for the three inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) subtypes were found to be present throughout spermatogenesis. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed distinct(More)
Functional evidence indicates that voltage-dependent Ca2+ (Cav) channels participate in sea urchin sperm motility and the acrosome reaction (AR), however, their molecular identity remains unknown. We have identified transcripts for two Ca2+ channel alpha1 subunits in sea urchin testis similar in sequence to Cav1.2 and Cav2.3. Antibodies against rat Cav1.2(More)
Motility, maturation and the acrosome reaction (AR) are fundamental functions of mammalian spermatozoa. While travelling through the female reproductive tract, spermatozoa must mature through a process named capacitation, so that they can reach the egg and undergo the AR, an exocytotic event necessary to fertilize the egg. Though Cl⁻ is important for sperm(More)
A previously identified, calmodulin-binding, sea urchin sperm flagellar adenylyl cyclase (AC) was cloned and sequenced and found to be a homologue of mammalian sperm soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC). Compared to the mammalian sAC, the sea urchin sAC (susAC) has several long amino acid insertions, some of which contain protein kinase A phosphorylation sites.(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) is a second messenger that regulates Ca2+ channels in many important cell signalling pathways. In sea urchin sperm the outer investment of the egg triggers the acrosome reaction (AR) that involves Ins(1,4,5)P3 production and the opening of two Ca2+ channels. Here we have sought to identify a high-affinity(More)