Carmen Aragón

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Glycine is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord and brainstem and is also required for the activation of NMDA receptors. The extracellular concentration of this neuroactive amino acid is regulated by at least two glycine transporters (GLYT1 and GLYT2). To study the localization and properties of these proteins, sequence-specific(More)
The high-affinity glycine transporter in neurons and glial cells is the primary means of inactivating synaptic glycine. Previous molecular cloning studies have indicated heterogeneity of glycine transporters in the CNS. Here the distribution of glycine transporter GLYT1 and GLYT2 transcripts and proteins in different regions and developmental stages of the(More)
Glycine is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord and brainstem of vertebrates. Glycine is accumulated into synaptic vesicles by a proton-coupled transport system and released to the synaptic cleft after depolarization of the presynaptic terminal. The inhibitory action of glycine is mediated by pentameric glycine receptors (GlyR) that belong(More)
High affinity sodium- and potassium-coupled L-glutamate transport into presynaptic nerve terminals and fine glial processes removes the neurotransmitter from the synaptic cleft, thereby terminating glutamergic transmission. This report describes that the purified L-glutamate transporter from pig brain is phosphorylated by protein kinase C, predominantly at(More)
The functions of the high-affinity glycine transporters (GLYTs) in vivo have been revealed recently using gene-deletion studies. Results from studies of homozygous knockout mice have reinforced the idea that GLYTs might be specific clinical targets to modulate inhibitory glycine-mediated neurotransmission. In addition, molecular and behavioural analysis of(More)
Glycine transporter GLYT2 is an axonal glycoprotein involved in the removal of glycine from the synaptic cleft. To elucidate the role of the carbohydrate moiety on GLYT2 function, we analyzed the effect of the disruption of the putative N-glycosylation sites on the transport activity, intracellular traffic in COS cells, and asymmetrical distribution of this(More)
Glycine exerts multiple functions in the central nervous system, as an inhibitory neurotransmitter through activation of specific, Cl--permeable, ligand-gated ionotropic receptors and as an obligatory co-agonist with glutamate on the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In some areas of the central nervous system, glycine seems to be(More)
The synaptic action of many neurotransmitters is terminated by specific transporters that remove the molecules from the synaptic cleft and help to replenish the transmitter supply. Here, we have investigated the spatiotemporal distribution of the glycine transporter GLYT2 in the central auditory system of rats, where glycinergic synapses are abundant. In(More)
The high affinity glycine transporter in neurons and glial cells is the primary means of inactivating synaptic glycine. To understand the structure-function relationships, especially the role of the intracellular carboxyl- and amino-terminal domains, we have modified the glycine transporter GLYT1 by using a polymerase chain reaction-based mutagenesis(More)
To elucidate the possible roles of the CNS neurotransmitters glycine and GABA in neuroendocrine paracrine signalling, we investigated their localizations, and those of their transport proteins, by confocal immunofluorescence and quantitative post-embedding immuno-electron microscopy in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. We show that A-cells contain(More)