Carmen Alvarez

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BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to assess the components of biological variation of seminal parameters in healthy subjects. METHODS Twenty donor candidates were included in a 10-week follow-up study. Within- and between-subject biological variation, indices of individuality and heterogeneity, coefficient of reliability, critical differences, analytical(More)
Glucose tolerance and insulin effects on glucose production and utilization by various tissues were studied in 70-day-old anesthetized rats submitted to food restriction from the fetal stage. Basal and glucose-induced plasma insulin levels were reduced in food-restricted rats without alterations in glucose tolerance. Insulin action was quantified by using(More)
Insulin resistance develops with ageing in humans and rodents. Here, we have studied the evolution of insulin sensitivity with ageing trying to discriminate the role of adiposity from that of ageing in this process. We performed oral glucose tolerance tests and determined overall and tissue-specific glucose utilization under euglycemic-hyper-insulinemic(More)
Chromogranins (Cgs) are acidic proteins that have been implicated in several physiological processes such as vesicle sorting, the production of bioactive peptides and the accumulation of soluble species inside large dense core vesicles (LDCV). They constitute the main protein component in the vesicular matrix of LDCV. This latter characteristic of Cgs(More)
The addition of physiological concentrations of the arthropod molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone results in the cessation of cell division in the Kc cell line of Drosophila melanogaster. Fluorometric mononitoring of the cell cycle reveals that treatment of the cells with hormone for 12 hr causes a G2 arrest. The dose-response curves are in agreement with(More)
Now that reduction in beta-cell mass has been clearly established in humans with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), the debate focuses on the possible mechanisms responsible for decreased beta-cell number. Appropriate inbred rodent models are essential tools for this purpose. The information available from the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, one of the best(More)
At late fetal age (21.5 days postcoitum [dpc]), GK rats present a severely reduced beta-cell mass compared with Wistar rats. This anomaly largely antedates the onset of hyperglycemia in GK rats. Thus, the beta-cell mass deficit could represent the primary defect leading to type 2 diabetes in the adult. The aim of this work was to investigate, in GK fetuses(More)
Four populations of 70-day-old undernourished rats were studied. All rats were submitted to a 65% restriction of food intake as follows: 1) undernutrition of the mother from day 14 of gestation until birth only (fetal period, group F), 2) undernourished during fetal and suckling periods only (group FS), 3) undernourished from day 14 of gestation until day(More)
Oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of beta cell failure in type 2 diabetes. Therefore, identification of natural antioxidant agents that preserve beta cell mass and function is considered an interesting strategy to prevent or treat diabetes. Recent evidences indicated that colonic metabolites derived from flavonoids could possess beneficial(More)
The effects of food restriction of the mother (65% restriction of ad libitum food intake) on fetal and maternal insulin secretion and islet function were studied at 21 days gestation in three different rat populations: 1) undernourished from 0-7 days gestation, 2) undernourished from 7-14 days gestation, and 3) undernourished from 14-21 days gestation. The(More)