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Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
Exposure to maternal undernutrition during development increases the risk for neurological and cognitive defects. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms involved. Peripheral responses to insulin are increased following food-restriction, thus the possibility arises that brain insulin actions are affected by undernutrition, causing damages(More)
This report describes the approach used in our participation of ImageCLEF. Our focus is on image retrieval using text, i.e. Cross-Media IR. To do this, we first determine the strong relationships between keywords and types of visual features. Then the subset of images retrieved by text retrieval is used as examples to match other images according to the(More)
Previous language modeling approaches to information retrieval have focused primarily on single terms. The use of bigram models has been studied, but the restriction on word order and adjacency may not be justified for information retrieval. We propose a new language modeling approach to information retrieval that incorporates lexical affinities, or pairs(More)
Sexual communication between sexual partners is an important component in prevention efforts against unintended consequences of sex. The purpose of this study was to describe sexual communication among young adult Latinos. Four semistructured, sex-segregated focus groups were used for this study. Participants (N = 20) were 18-30 years old self-identified(More)
depression is a signifi cant mental and public health problem and may be one of the most disabling disorders among women of childbear-ing age. 1 Perinatal depression is associated with a multitude of negative sequelae for women, children, and families, including poor maternal-fetal attachment, adverse neona-tal outcomes (low birth weight, preterm birth,(More)
Background: Violence against children (VAC) remains a global problem. The health sector has an opportunity and responsibility to be part of the multi-sector collaboration to prevent and respond to VAC. This review aimed to assess the health sector's response to VAC among Latin American & Caribbean (LAC) countries, particularly as it relates to physical(More)
BACKGROUND Intimate partner violence remains a global problem and is of particular concern in Latina diasporas. AIM To identify effective elements of interventions to address intimate partner violence in Latina women. METHOD The systematic review was undertaken according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)(More)
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