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Phagosome maturation involves extensive remodelling of the phagosomal membrane as a result of intracellular transport events. Newly formed phagosomes exchange membrane-associated and soluble proteins with early endosomes by fusion. Budding of vesicles from the phagosome and fusion with Golgi-derived vesicles may also contribute to the remodelling of the(More)
Survival or destruction of a pathogen following phagocytosis depends, in part, on fusion events between the phagosome and the endosomal or lysosomal compartments. Here we use an in vitro assay to show that phagosome-endosome fusion is regulated by the small GTPase rab5 and that fusion events are influenced by an internalized live organism, Listeria(More)
Activated epidermal growth factor receptors recruit various intracellular proteins leading to signal generation and endocytic trafficking. Although activated receptors are rapidly internalized into the endocytic compartment and subsequently degraded in lysosomes, the linkage between signaling and endocytosis is not well understood. Here we show that EGF(More)
Control and clearance of Listeria monocytogenes infection is an interferon-gamma-dependent process. The listericidal mechanism of action involves activation of NADPH oxidase and inducible nitric-oxide synthase to produce reactive oxygen and nitrogen intermediate radicals, respectively. Recently, we have described in a nonpathogenic model of L. monocytogenes(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular pathogen of a great variety of cells. Among them, macrophages constitute the major effector cells of listerial immunity during the course of an infection. Although the molecular bases of L. monocytogenes attachment and entry to phagocytes are not completely understood, it has been demonstrated that C3b(More)
The mechanisms by which the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes interacts with the host cell surface remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) in listerial infection. Pretreatment of bacteria with heparin or heparan sulfate (HS), but not with other glycosaminoglycans, inhibited(More)
Macrophage activation by interferon (IFN)-gamma is characterized by enhanced phagocytosis and killing of internalized pathogens. We studied the effects of IFN-gamma on Rab5a, a GTPase involved in both endocytosis and phagocytosis. IFN-gamma induced the synthesis of Rab5a in mononuclear cells as detected by immunoprecipitation and by Western blotting. Rab5a(More)
Previous studies have shown that Listeria monocytogenes (LM) modulates phagocytic membrane traffic. Here we explore whether Rab5a, a GTPase associated with phagosome-endosome fusion, is related to phagosome maturation and to the intracellular survival of LM. Stable transfection of Rab5a cDNA into macrophages accelerates intracellular degradation of LM.(More)
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) phagocytic strategy implies recruitment and inhibition of Rab5a. Here, we identify a Listeria protein that binds to Rab5a and is responsible for Rab5a recruitment to phagosomes and impairment of the GDP/GTP exchange activity. This protein was identified as a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Listeria (p40(More)
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) modifies the phagocytic compartment by targeting Rab5a function through an unknown mechanism. Inhibition of Rab5a exchange by LM can be considered the main virulence mechanism as it favours viability of the parasite within the phagosome as well as the exclusion of putative listericidal lysosomal proteases such as cathepsin-D. The(More)