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A powerful way to discover key genes with causal roles in oncogenesis is to identify genomic regions that undergo frequent alteration in human cancers. Here we present high-resolution analyses of somatic copy-number alterations (SCNAs) from 3,131 cancer specimens, belonging largely to 26 histological types. We identify 158 regions of focal SCNA that are(More)
BRAF((V600E)) mutation is the most frequent genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) that are 80-90% of all thyroid cancers. We evaluated the relationship between BRAF((V600E)) and tumor, host, and environmental factors in PTCs from all geographical areas of Sicily. By PCR, BRAF((V600E)) was investigated in a series of 323 PTCs diagnosed in(More)
Most human thyroid cancers are differentiated papillary carcinomas (PTC). Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMC) are tumors that measure 1 cm or less. This class of small tumors has proven to be a very common clinical entity in endocrine diseases. PTMC may be present in 30-40% of human autopsies and is often identified incidentally in a thyroid removed(More)
BRAFV600E is a constitutively active onco-kinase and is the most common genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma as well, albeit at a lower frequency. The BRAFV600E mutation in some studies has been significantly associated with extra-thyroidal extension, metastases, recurrence, and mortality in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Management of patients with thyroid nodules is based on establishing an accurate diagnosis; however, differentiating benign from malignant lesions preoperatively is not always possible using current cytological techniques. Novel molecular testing on cytological material could lead to clearer treatment algorithms. B-Raf(V600E) mutation is the most(More)
Fifty-five patients with Graves' disease (GD) and mild to moderate Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) underwent near-total thyroidectomy (Tx). In 16 patients this was followed by a standard ablative dose of (131)I because of the hystologic evidence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. We retrospectively evaluated whether or not GO activity could be affected by(More)
B-Raf(V600E), an oncogenic protein kinase, is the most frequent genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). PTC represents 80-90% of all thyroid cancers and over the past five years, more than 200 manuscripts have been published about the relationship between "B-Raf(V600E) and thyroid cancer". B-Raf(V600E) genetically arises from a(More)
Although B-Raf(V600E) is the most common somatic mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), how it induces tumor aggressiveness is not fully understood. Using gene set enrichment analysis and in vitro and in vivo functional studies, we identified and validated a B-Raf(V600E) gene set signature associated with tumor progression in PTCs. An independent(More)
PURPOSE B-Raf(V600E) may play a role in the progression from papillary thyroid cancer to anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). We tested the effects of a highly selective B-Raf(V600E) inhibitor, PLX4720, on proliferation, migration, and invasion both in human thyroid cancer cell lines (8505c(B-RafV600E) and TPC-1(RET/PTC-1 and wild-type B-Raf)) and in primary(More)
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) rates continue to increase in the United States and Europe, and, although most patients do well, some recur and die of their disease. Patients with PTC harboring the BRAF(V600E) mutation seem to display a more aggressive clinical behavior, but little is known about the role of this mutation in crucial processes in the tumor(More)