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Free radical production is increased in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, leading to oxidative stress that contributes to brain damage. The measurement of oxidative stress in stroke would be extremely important for a better understanding of its pathophysiology and for identifying subgroups of patients that might receive targeted therapeutic intervention.(More)
BACKGROUND Potentially inappropriate medications in older patients increase the risk of adverse drug events, which are an important cause of hospital admission and death among hospitalized patients. Little information is available about the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs) and the related health adverse outcomes among(More)
Older people take up a large proportion of health care, including drugs, and evidence shows that drug prescribing to this group is often inappropriate. Negative consequences of potential inappropriate drug prescription (PIDP) include adverse drug events, high healthcare service utilization and high costs for the patients and society. Although nursing home(More)
BACKGROUND Although a host of factors are known to influence 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] serum levels, few studies addressed the distinctive sex-specific influence of aging, and the age-specific relationship of parathyroid hormone (PTH) with 25(OH)D. The aims of this research were to evaluate changes of 25(OH)D and PTH levels with age in a large(More)
BACKGROUND The biological action of uric acid (UA) in humans is controversial. UA is considered an antioxidant compound, but preclinical evidence suggests a proinflammatory action. Epidemiological studies found that hyperuricemia is associated with conditions leading to dementia. Our aim is to investigate the relationship between UA levels and dementia in(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Conditions associated with hyperandrogenism are often associated with glucose intolerance and other features of MetS in young women. As the prevalence of MetS increases with age and is probably multifactorial, it is reasonable to hypothesize that age-related(More)
The old age population is increasing worldwide as well as age related diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), which negatively impacts on the health care systems. Aging represents per se a risk factor for AD. Thus, the study and identification of pathways within the biology of aging represent an important end point(More)
Depression is one of the leading causes of suffering in the elderly, but it is often under-diagnosed and under-treated, partly due to the false belief that depression is a common aspect of aging. Depression in the elderly is frequently comorbid with medical illnesses, may often be expressed by somatic complaints, and may be a risk factor for other diseases(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In advanced age, the influence of vertebral fractures on quality of life extends well beyond the usual sequelae of osteoporosis. In order to intercept older subjects' distress associated with the clinical, functional, social and psychological consequences of the disease, we developed and validated a multidimensional instrument (the(More)
Due to supporting evidence that dietary patterns may have a significant role in the maintenance of good physical performance with aging, we tested whether plasma fatty acids, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids are cross-sectionally associated with different physical performance and predict changes in physical performance(More)