Learn More
Free radical production is increased in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, leading to oxidative stress that contributes to brain damage. The measurement of oxidative stress in stroke would be extremely important for a better understanding of its pathophysiology and for identifying subgroups of patients that might receive targeted therapeutic intervention.(More)
BACKGROUND Potentially inappropriate medications in older patients increase the risk of adverse drug events, which are an important cause of hospital admission and death among hospitalized patients. Little information is available about the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs) and the related health adverse outcomes among(More)
BACKGROUND The biological action of uric acid (UA) in humans is controversial. UA is considered an antioxidant compound, but preclinical evidence suggests a proinflammatory action. Epidemiological studies found that hyperuricemia is associated with conditions leading to dementia. Our aim is to investigate the relationship between UA levels and dementia in(More)
The old age population is increasing worldwide as well as age related diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), which negatively impacts on the health care systems. Aging represents per se a risk factor for AD. Thus, the study and identification of pathways within the biology of aging represent an important end point(More)
BACKGROUND Much clinical research of relevance to elderly patients examines individuals who are younger than those who have the disease in question. A good example is heart failure. Therefore, we investigated the extent of exclusion of older individuals in ongoing clinical trials regarding heart failure. METHODS In the context of the Increasing the(More)
AIMS The role of uric acid (UA) in the process of atherosclerosis and atherotrombosis is controversial. Epidemiological studies have recently shown that UA may be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and a negative prognostic marker for mortality in subjects with pre-existing heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluate a relationship between UA(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative condition. AD is histopathologically characterized by the presence of three main hallmarks: senile plaques (rich in amyloid-β peptide), neuronal fibrillary tangles (rich in phosphorylated tau protein), and synapse loss. However, definitive biomarkers for this devastating disease in living people are(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest an association between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and the development of chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between PUFAs and renal function in older adults. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional and prospective analysis of 931 adults, > or = 65 years old, enrolled in(More)
BACKGROUND Although a host of factors are known to influence 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] serum levels, few studies addressed the distinctive sex-specific influence of aging, and the age-specific relationship of parathyroid hormone (PTH) with 25(OH)D. The aims of this research were to evaluate changes of 25(OH)D and PTH levels with age in a large(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem and can result in end-stage renal disease with need for dialysis or transplantation. In Europe up to 12% of the adult population had some renal impairment, while in the United States the end stage of CKD has increased dramatically from 209.000 in 1991 to 472.000 in 2004. Diabetes and hypertension(More)