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Numerous neuropathologic and imaging studies have reported different structural abnormalities in the brains of autistic subjects. However, whether or not the degree of brain abnormality is correlated with the severity of developmental impairment in autistic disorder is still unknown. The midsagittal area of the cerebrum, corpus callosum, midbrain,(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) with reduced glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) are a heterogeneous group of conditions associated with mutations in six genes encoding proven or putative glycosyltransferases. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of mutations in the six genes in the Italian population(More)
Polysomnography (EOG, EEG, EMG) was carried out in 17 male children and adolescents with autistic disorder, in seven patients with mental retardation and fragile X syndrome, and in five age- and sex-matched normal male subjects. Density of rapid eye movements was not significantly different in the three groups of subjects; however, some sleep parameters(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are genetically heterogeneous, and a significant number of genes have been associated with both conditions. A few mutations in POGZ have been reported in recent exome studies; however, these studies do not provide detailed clinical information. We collected the clinical and molecular data of(More)
Eyelid myoclonia with absences is a rare epileptic syndrome, characterized by eyelid myoclonia, absences, and photosensitivity. On the basis of its clinical and EEG features, this syndrome has been classified as a specific new entity among the idiopathic generalized epilepsies. We report three subjects, aged 4, 16, and 31 years, respectively, with eyelid(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a European family with cortical tremor, epilepsy, and mental retardation, the pedigree of which indicates an autosomal dominant inheritance of the disease. DESIGN Clinical, laboratory, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging data were studied. SETTING Institute for research on mental retardation. PATIENTS Two siblings (aged 25 and(More)
Mutations in POMT1 and POMT2 genes were originally identified in Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and subsequently reported in patients with milder phenotypes characterised by mental retardation with or without brain abnormalities and without ocular malformations. As part of a multicentric Italian study we screened the POMT1 and POMT2 genes in 61 congenital(More)
Mutations in the polymerase gamma-1 (POLG1) gene, encoding the catalytic subunit of the mtDNA-specific polymerase-γ, compromise the stability of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and are responsible for numerous clinical presentations as autosomal dominant or recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), sensory ataxia, neuropathy, dysarthria and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if laminin-alpha2 deficiency is due to mutations in the LAMA2 gene or secondary to mutations in other congenital muscular dystrophy genes. METHODS We performed molecular analysis of LAMA2, by single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing, in 15 patients with undetectable or greatly reduced laminin-alpha2 expression. We also(More)