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Numerous neuropathologic and imaging studies have reported different structural abnormalities in the brains of autistic subjects. However, whether or not the degree of brain abnormality is correlated with the severity of developmental impairment in autistic disorder is still unknown. The midsagittal area of the cerebrum, corpus callosum, midbrain,(More)
Polysomnography (EOG, EEG, EMG) was carried out in 17 male children and adolescents with autistic disorder, in seven patients with mental retardation and fragile X syndrome, and in five age- and sex-matched normal male subjects. Density of rapid eye movements was not significantly different in the three groups of subjects; however, some sleep parameters(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) with reduced glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) are a heterogeneous group of conditions associated with mutations in six genes encoding proven or putative glycosyltransferases. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of mutations in the six genes in the Italian population(More)
Eyelid myoclonia with absences is a rare epileptic syndrome, characterized by eyelid myoclonia, absences, and photosensitivity. On the basis of its clinical and EEG features, this syndrome has been classified as a specific new entity among the idiopathic generalized epilepsies. We report three subjects, aged 4, 16, and 31 years, respectively, with eyelid(More)
Mutations in POMT1 and POMT2 genes were originally identified in Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and subsequently reported in patients with milder phenotypes characterised by mental retardation with or without brain abnormalities and without ocular malformations. As part of a multicentric Italian study we screened the POMT1 and POMT2 genes in 61 congenital(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a European family with cortical tremor, epilepsy, and mental retardation, the pedigree of which indicates an autosomal dominant inheritance of the disease. DESIGN Clinical, laboratory, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging data were studied. SETTING Institute for research on mental retardation. PATIENTS Two siblings (aged 25 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if laminin-alpha2 deficiency is due to mutations in the LAMA2 gene or secondary to mutations in other congenital muscular dystrophy genes. METHODS We performed molecular analysis of LAMA2, by single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing, in 15 patients with undetectable or greatly reduced laminin-alpha2 expression. We also(More)
Given the complex heterogeneity of pathological changes occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD), any therapeutic effort absolutely requires a multi-targeted approach, because attempts addressing only a single event may result ineffective. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), a naturally occurring lipid amide between palmitic acid and ethanolamine, seems to be a(More)
BACKGROUND The protracted continuous infusion (PCI) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has proven in several studies an active and well tolerated treatment for advanced, pretreated breast cancer. Navelbine has also activity in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS Heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast carcinoma were eligible for the study. Treatment(More)