Carmela Rosalba Guglielmino

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Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis and multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) were used to assess genetic variability in six wild populations and in five laboratory strains of Ceratitis capitata. The RAPD technique reveals larger amounts of genetic variation than the conventional MLEE, and can improve discrimination within and between(More)
Cultural inheritance can be considered as a mechanism of adaptation made possible by communication, which has reached its greatest development in humans and can allow long-term conservation or rapid change of culturally transmissible traits depending on circumstances and needs. Conservativeness/flexibility is largely modulated by mechanisms of sociocultural(More)
A set of 10 microsatellite markers was used to survey the levels of genetic variability and to analyse the genetic aspects of the population dynamics of two potentially invasive pest fruit fly species, Ceratitis rosa and C. fasciventris, in Africa. The loci were derived from the closely related species, C. capitata. The degree of microsatellite polymorphism(More)
A total of forty-three simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified in the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata. The most common SSR was the dinucleotide (TG)n/(CA)n occurring in thirty of the forty-three microsatellite loci. Polymorphism at ten dinucleotide markers was investigated in 122 flies from six natural populations sampled in the(More)
The genetic structure of natural populations of the economically important dipteran species Ceratitis capitatawas analysed using both biochemical and molecular markers. This revealed considerable genetic variation in populations from different geographic regions. The nature of this variation suggests that the evolutionary history of the species involved the(More)
Two African populations of Ceratitis capitata (Kenya and Réunion Isl.) and two Mediterranean ones (Sardinia and Procida Isl.) have been studied for genetic variability at 25 loci by electrophoresis. Wright's FST, Slatkin's Nm* gene flow estimator, Nei's distance (D) together with measures of variability such as H, P, A have been used to compare the(More)
Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis data from 26 polymorphic loci (124 alleles) were used to analyze the genetic aspects of the worldwide colonization of Ceratitis capitata (medfly). Eighty-two samples of 17 populations were collected from six regions throughout the species range: Africa, extra-Mediterranean islands (Madeira and Gran Canaria), Mediterranean(More)
The phytophagous insects of the Tephritidae family commonly referred to as “true fruit flies” offer different case histories of successful invasions. Mankind has played an important role in altering the distributions of some of the more polyphagous and oligophagous species. However, the question arises why only a few species have become major invaders. The(More)
As a result of their rapid expansion and large larval host range, true fruit flies are among the world's most important agricultural pest species. Among them, Ceratitis capitata has become a model organism for studies on colonization and invasion processes. The genetic aspects of the medfly invasion process have already been analysed throughout its range,(More)
We have analysed data of three European populations speaking non-Indoeuropean languages: Hungarians, Lapps, and Finns. Principal coordinate analysis shows that Lapps are almost exactly intermediate between people located geographically near the Ural mountains and speaking Uralic languages, and central and northern Europeans. Hungarians and Finns are(More)