Carmela Filesi

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Polyphenols are wide variety of compounds that occur in fruits and vegetables, wine, tea, extra virgin olive oil, chocolate and other cocoa products. Several polyphenols have been demonstrated to have clear antioxidant properties in vitro, and many of their biological actions have been attributed to their intrinsic reducing capabilities. However, this(More)
Fruit and beverages such as tea and red wine represent the main sources of polyphenols. Despite their wide distribution, the healthy effects of dietary polyphenols have come to the attention of nutritionists only in the last years. The main factor responsible for the delayed research on polyphenols is the variety and the complexity of their chemical(More)
Excessive inflammation is considered as a critical factor in many human diseases, including cancer, obesity, type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases and aging. Compounds derived from botanic sources, such as phenolic compounds, have shown anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo. Recent data suggest that polyphenols can(More)
Polyphenols, occurring in fruit and vegetables, wine, tea, extra virgin olive oil, chocolate and other cocoa products, have been demonstrated to have clear antioxidant properties in vitro, and many of their biological actions have been attributed to their intrinsic reducing capabilities. However, it has become clear that, in complex biological systems,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Extra virgin olive oil has been associated with a reduced incidence of risk factors for coronary heart disease also owing to the presence of antioxidant biophenols. This study compared the protective effects of tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol, two biophenols greatly different in antioxidant power, on J774 A.1-mediated oxidation of LDL. (More)
The effect of oxLDL on CD36 expression has been assessed in preadipocytes induced to differentiate. Novel evidence is provided that oxLDL induce a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-independent CD36 overexpression, by up-regulating nuclear factor erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2). The nuclear translocation of Nrf2 appeared to depend(More)
With time, increasing evidence has been obtained of the involvement of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of several diseases and ageing. Likewise, a large number of epidemiological studies have suggested that some pathologies can be prevented or delayed to some extent by dietary changes such as increased consumption of fruits, grains and vegetables.(More)
Among diet antioxidants, polyphenols, naturally occurring in vegetables, fruits and plant-derived beverages such as tea, red wine, and extra virgin olive oil, are the most abundant ones. In vitro cell culture experiments have shown that polyphenols possess antioxidant properties, and it is thought that these activities can contribute to the prevention of(More)
This work results from some research carried out by the authors during the last few years in nutrition field. The data collected allowed to compare protein and lipid composition of infant formulas with human milk and to evaluate the influence of such feedings on plasma aminoacid levels and erythrocyte fatty acids. In spite of different infant formula(More)
In recent years there has been a remarkable progress in infant nutrition, thanks to important development in the fields of nutrition, and food preparation and storage. The Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Italian National Institute of Health) has carried out the analytical control of the composition of infant foods present on the Italian market, and verified(More)