Carmela Dantas-Barbosa

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PURPOSE The molecular pathogenesis of pediatric ependymoma remains unclear. Our study was designed to identify genetic changes implicated in ependymoma progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS We characterized 59 ependymoma samples (33 at diagnosis and 26 at relapse) using array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). Specific chromosomal imbalances were(More)
Since the advent of phage display technology, dating back to 1985, antibody libraries displayed on filamentous phage surfaces have been used to identify specific binders for many different purposes, including the recognition of tumors. Phage display represents a high-throughput technique for screening billions of random fusion antibodies against virtually(More)
BACKGROUND Children with ependymoma may experience a relapse in up to 50% of cases depending on the extent of resection. Key biological events associated with recurrence are unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To discover the biology behind the recurrence of ependymomas, we performed CGHarray and a dual-color gene expression microarray analysis of 17(More)
Ependymomas are glial neoplasms occurring in any location throughout the central nervous system and supposedly are derived from radial glia cells. Recent data suggest that these tumors may have different biological and clinical behaviors according to their location. Pediatric supratentorial and infratentorial ependymoma (SE and IE) were compared with(More)
Gliomas, the most frequent primitive central nervous system tumors, have been suggested to originate from astrocytes or from neural progenitors/stem cells. However, the precise identity of the cells at the origin of gliomas remains a matter of debate because no pre-neoplastic state has been yet identified. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha, an(More)
Notch signaling is altered in many cancers. Our previous findings in primary pediatric ependymoma support a role for NOTCH in glial oncogenesis. The present study evaluates the γ-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in glial tumor models. The expression of Notch pathway genes was evaluated using real-time RT-PCR in 21 ependymoma and glioma models. NOTCH1 mutations(More)
Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by involuntary movements, cognitive decline, and behavioral disorders leading to functional disability. In contrast to patients with adult onset, in which chorea is the major motor abnormality, children often present with spasticity, rigidity, and significant(More)
Osteosarcoma is the commonest type of primary malignant bone tumor, frequently found in adolescents at sites of rapid bone growth. Despite current management protocols, up to half of the patients succumb to this disease. Moreover, there is no well-characterized molecular marker for diagnosis and prognosis. Since phage display methodology allows the(More)
BACKGROUND Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) are 15% of adult sarcomas and remain seldom curable in metastatic phase. The TAM receptors and their ligands are overexpressed or activated in multiple malignancies, including LMS. METHODS The TAM receptor and ligand expression was evaluated in LMS cell lines and 358 sarcoma samples by either gene expression or(More)
Osteosarcoma is a rare and highly malignant tumor that usually affects adolescents and young adults. Despite current management protocols, up to half of patients succumb to the disease. Moreover, there is no well-characterized molecular marker for diagnosis and prognosis. TP53 alterations have been associated with a poor prognosis in many cancers. The aim(More)
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