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Endomitosis is the process by which mammalian megakaryocytes become polyploid during terminal differentiation. As in other endoreplicating cells, cyclin-cdk complexes are distinctly regulated, probably to overcome the strict mechanisms that prevent rereplication in most somatic cells. We have asked whether key factors involved in the assembly and licensing(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins act as positive regulators of cell proliferation. Ring1B is a PcG gene essential for embryonic development, but its contribution to cell turnover in regenerating tissues in not known. Here, we have generated a conditional mouse mutant line to study the Ring1B role in adult hematopoiesis. Mutant mice developed a hypocellular(More)
About 30% of human tumours contain a mutation in one of the three ras genes leading to the production of p21ras oncoproteins that are thought to make a major contribution to the transformed phenotype of the tumour. The biochemical mode of action of the ras proteins is unknown but as they bind GTP and GDP and have an intrinsic GTPase activity, they may(More)
Developmental changes at the level of initiation step of translation in the rat brain were studied. The level of deacylated tRNAimet in rat brain was measured at two stages of postnatal development. Although the amount of tRNA was slightly lower in adult than in young (4 day old) rats, the charging capacity of initiator tRNAimet in vitro was similar at both(More)
Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been suggested as an attractive target to improve insulin sensitivity in different cell types. In the present work, we have investigated the effect of PTP1B deficiency on the response of human and murine macrophages. Using in vitro and in vivo approaches in mice and silencing PTP1B in human(More)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity in ribosomal high salt wash and cytosolic fractions from suckling (4-10-day-old) and adult (60-day-old) rats was assayed by two different methods, by measuring: (i) its ability to promote binding of [3H]Met-tRNAi to eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF-2) preparations that are partially or wholly in the form(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) was isolated from salt-washed microsomes of 4-day-old rat brain which show a high rate of protein synthesis. A three-step purification scheme was employed, including heparin-Sepharose, phosphocellulose, and DEAE-cellulose column chromatography. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the isolated(More)
Initiation factor 2 from adult rat brain was isolated from salt-washed microsomes using a three-step purification process consisting of heparin-Sepharose, phosphocellulose and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose (DEAE cellulose) column chromatographies. The initiation factor 2(eIF-2) was phosphorylated in subunits alpha and beta by the endogenous protein kinase(More)
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