Carmel Shalev

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The moral discourse surrounding end-of-life (EoL) decisions is highly complex, and a comparison of Germany and Israel can highlight the impact of cultural factors. The comparison shows interesting differences in how patient's autonomy and doctor's duties are morally and legally related to each other with respect to the withholding and withdrawing of medical(More)
OBJECTIVES Hospital ethics committees increasingly affect medical care worldwide, yet there has been little evaluation of these bodies. Israel has the distinction of having ethics committees legally required by a Patients' Rights Act. We studied the development of ethics committees in this legal environment. DESIGN Cross-sectional national survey of(More)
Malignant osteopetrosis (MOP) is an autosomal recessive disease in which osteoclast dysfunction results in excessive bone deposition and early infant death. Thirteen children suffering from MOP from four related families all belonging to one Bedouin tribe, were studied. The disease was diagnosed as early as at a few days postnatal to 5 months. Nine children(More)
End-of-life (EoL) decisions concerning euthanasia, stopping life-support machines, or handling advance directives are very complex and highly disputed in industrialized, democratic countries. A main controversy is how to balance the patient’s autonomy and right to self-determination with the doctor’s duty to save life and the value of life as such. These(More)
BACKGROUND In the past two decades, government and civic organizations have been implementing a wide range of deliberative public consultations on health care-related policy. Drawing on these experiences, a public consultation initiative in Israel called the Health Parliament was established. GOALS To implement a public consultation initiative that will(More)
A new method of program evaluation was developed in Israel to assess the impact of improved care on the health of mothers and infants. Care before conception and during the prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum periods form an interrelated sequence. The method, therefore, evaluates the interplay among risks, health care quality improvements, and outcomes(More)