Carmel Kanaan

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An increased fetal nuchal translucency detected by first trimester ultrasound has been associated with an elevated risk of aneuploidy. The etiology of the increased nuchal translucency in fetuses with normal chromosomes is uncertain, but it has been associated with poor pregnancy outcome. We report a fetus with increased nuchal translucency and a normal(More)
Using duplex Doppler ultrasonography in asymmetrically grown fetuses with decreased amniotic fluid, we found the renal artery waveform pattern was different from that in the normally grown fetus. Such an abnormal waveform may reflect an increase in vascular resistance within the renal bed in oligohydramnios and intrauterine growth retardation. This would(More)
The umbilical artery waveform was assessed in 18 normal nonlaboring patients before and after full surgical epidural anesthesia for repeat cesarean section. Using range-gated pulsed Doppler ultrasound, we found that the waveform analysis of the umbilical artery close to its placental insertion did not change significantly. These results suggest that no(More)
This overview presents nomenclature and serology information on human leucocyte antigens, or HLA molecules, which are encoded by a cluster of genes linked on the short arm of chromosome 6. This region is known as the major histocompatibility coclass II molecules based upon their structure, tissue distribution, and source of peptide antigen, as well as upon(More)
We describe a newborn boy one of triplets, whose karyotype was 46,XY, t(8;12)(q22;q21). Prenatal diagnosis of multiple craniofacial anomalies had been made. Following delivery, the patient was thought to exhibit findings consistent with a diagnosis of frontofacionasal dysostosis. We hypothesize that one of the break points of this translocation may involve(More)
Prenatal diagnosis and clinical follow up of a patient with mosaicism for anomalies of chromosome 18 are reported. The fetus appeared on ultrasound to have multiple anomalies, including clubbed feet, abnormal hand positioning, edema of the scalp, cleft palate, and polyhydramnios. The karyotype on amniocytes was 47,XY,+i(18p). Postnatally, the peripheral(More)
An automated amniotic fluid surfactant-albumin ratio (SAR) test was performed as a screening test for pregnancies requiring fetal pulmonary maturity testing. Of the 178 neonates delivered within 3 days of the testing, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) developed in 21 (11.8%) and transient tachypnea of the newborn infant (TTN) in 11 (6.1%). A positive test(More)
Induced maternal hypercapnia is a potent stimulus to fetal breathing movements in nonlaboring pregnant women. To determine the effect of maternal CO2 administration on fetal breathing movements during spontaneous labor, 14 healthy pregnant volunteers at term and 34 in preterm labor were recruited. If fetal breathing movements were markedly decreased or(More)
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