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Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) is becoming widely used for monitoring disease progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We evaluated the variability of MVIC in a large multicenter (29 sites) drug trial in ALS. Intra- and interrater variability were assessed twice during the 19-month study. Intrarater reliability increased from the(More)
Headache (HA) is a common sequel to lumbar puncture (LP), whether performed for diagnosis or anesthesia. 1-6 In their monograph summarizing the world literature through 1960, Tourtellotte et al. 1 considered separately three principal patient populations: 1) patients undergoing diagnostic LPs (excluding myelography, pneumoencephalography, and cisternal(More)
An evidence-based medicine approach was applied to evaluate analytic studies of exogenous risk factors for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) published since 1991. Classification systems for evaluating the literature and for drawing conclusions based on the class of available evidence were developed, modeled on those used by national societies.(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, and currently incurable, neuromuscular disease in which oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are contributing to neuronal loss. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant and mitochondrial cofactor, has shown promise in ALS transgenic mice, and in clinical trials for neurodegenerative(More)
BACKGROUND Previous human clinical trials of insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-1) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been inconsistent. This phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was undertaken to address whether IGF-1 benefited patients with ALS. METHODS A total of 330 patients from 20 medical centers were randomized(More)
We report 2 patients over the age of 70 who, while on valproate (VPA) for complex partial seizures, developed sensorineural hearing loss. Following discontinuation of VPA for nonaudiologic reasons, the patients reported improved hearing which was confirmed by audiometry. These findings represent VPA-induced sensorineural hearing loss, possibly in(More)
We modified the World Federation of Neurology (WFN) diagnostic criteria for ALS to facilitate early diagnosis and used these criteria for enrollment of ALS patients in a clinical trial. The criteria developed required lower motor neuron (LMN) involvement in at least two limbs and upper motor neuron involvement in at least one region (bulbar, cervical, or(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a known risk factor for seizures, and age older than 60 years is a recognized risk factor for poor outcome from convulsive and nonconvulsive status epilepticus. The authors suspect that there may be a causal relationship between dementia pathology and the development and maintenance of refractory seizures. They report two selected(More)
We have shown that linear estimates of rates of disease progression (LEP), derived from isometric myometry [grip or foot dorsiflexion (FD) strength] and forced vital capacity (FVC%), are clinically and statistically significant predictors of survival of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) from date of disease onset and, except those based on(More)