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DNA polymerase makes errors by misincorporating natural DNA bases and base analogs. Because of the wide variety of possible mismatches and the varying efficiency with which they are repaired, structural studies are necessary to understand in detail how these mispairs differ and can be distinguished from standard Watson-Crick base pairs. 2-Aminopurine (AP)(More)
The thrombin binding aptamer (TBA) is a well characterized chair-like, antiparallel quadruplex structure that binds specifically to thrombin at nanomolar concentrations and therefore it has interesting anticoagulant properties. In this article we review the research involved in the development of new TBA derivatives with improved anticoagulant properties as(More)
O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (hAGT) activity provides resistance to cancer chemotherapeutic agents and its inhibition enhances chemotherapy. We herein present the development of a novel fluorescence assay for the detection of hAGT activity. We designed a dsDNA sequence containing a fluorophore-quencher pair, where the fluorophore was attached to(More)
Oligonucleotide gold nanoparticle conjugates are being used as diagnostic tools and gene silencing experiments. Thiol-chemistry is mostly used to functionalize gold nanoparticles with oligonucleotides and to incorporate DNA or RNA molecules onto gold surfaces. However, the stability of such nucleic acid-gold nanoparticle conjugates in certain conditions may(More)
The preparation of oligonucleotides containing 8-bromo-2'-deoxyguanosine is described. Substitution of G by 8-bromoguanine on an alternating CG decamer stabilizes the Z-form in such a way that the B-form was not observed. Melting temperatures showed that duplexes in which 8-bromo-2'-deoxyguanosine paired with natural bases were much less stable.
Human O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (hAGT) is a DNA repair protein that reverses the effects of alkylating agents by removing DNA adducts from the O(6) position of guanine. Here, we developed a real-time fluorescence hAGT activity assay that is based on the detection of conformational changes of the thrombin-binding aptamer (TBA). The quadruplex(More)
Au- and iron-based magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are promising NPs for biomedical applications due to their unique properties. The combination of a gold coating over a magnetic core puts together the benefits from adding the magnetic properties to the robust chemistry provided by the thiol functionalization of gold. Here, the use of Au-coated magnetic NPs(More)
Oligonucleotides containing the photoreactive nucleosides 2-azido-2'-deoxyinosine and 8-azido-2'-deoxyadenosine have been prepared using protected 2-fluoro-2'-deoxyinosine and 8-bromo-2'-deoxyadenosine phosphoramidites. After the assembly of the oligonucleotides, the nucleoside derivatives are converted to the corresponding azido derivatives by treatment(More)