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Members of the Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family are abundant, with common human pathogens that belong to the rhinovirus (HRV) and enterovirus (EV) species, including diverse echo-, coxsackie- and polioviruses. They cause a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe diseases with neurological and/or cardiac(More)
The regulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) processes is slowly being characterized at a structural level. We present here crystal structures of human mitochondrial regulator mTERF, a transcription termination factor also implicated in replication pausing, in complex with double-stranded DNA oligonucleotides containing the tRNALeuUUR gene sequence. mTERF(More)
During viral replication, herpesviruses package their DNA into the procapsid by means of the terminase protein complex. In human cytomegalovirus (herpesvirus 5), the terminase is composed of subunits UL89 and UL56. UL89 cleaves the long DNA concatemers into unit-length genomes of appropriate length for encapsidation. We used ESPRIT, a high-throughput(More)
Nucleoplasmin is one of the most abundant proteins in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and it has been involved in the chromatin remodeling that takes place immediately after fertilization. This molecule has been shown to be responsible for the removal of the sperm-specific proteins and deposition of somatic histones onto the male pronuclear chromatin. To better(More)
Xenopus laevis nucleoplasmin is a pentameric nuclear chaperone. The relation between the structure and the multifunctional aspects of the molecule has not yet been clearly established. In the course of analysing a C-terminally His-tagged recombinant version of the region equivalent to the trypsin resistant core (r-NP142) of the molecule, we found that this(More)
Xenopus laevis nucleoplasmin is a molecular chaperone that mediates sperm decondensation and nucleosome assembly. Nucleoplasmin has three acidic tracts (A1, A2 and A3) and until recent years the long polyglutamic tract A2 was thought to be the binding site for basic proteins. However, the latest publications in this field show that neither A2 nor A3 is(More)
Picornaviridae is one of the largest viral families and is composed of 14 genera, six of which include human pathogens. The best known picornaviruses are enteroviruses (including polio, PV, and rhinoviruses), foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), and hepatitis A virus (HAV). Although infections often are mild, certain strains may cause pandemic outbreaks(More)
Different recombinant forms of nucleoplasmin including truncations at the carboxyl-terminal end of the molecule (r-NP121, r-NP142) have been expressed and purified. All of them were found to oligomerize, forming pentameric complexes which, according to their hydrodynamic properties, can be modeled by oblate ellipsoids of constant width. In this model, the(More)
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