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BACKGROUND Vasomotor hot flashes are a common symptom in women during menopause and in men who have undergone androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. Although treatment with estrogens in women and androgens in men can attenuate these symptoms, these hormones may be contraindicated in women with breast cancer and in men with prostate cancer. Pilot(More)
Ambulatory 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring is considered the gold standard for diagnosing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The current approach is to encourage patients to pursue their everyday activity in order to obtain near-physiological recordings. However, the effect of the test itself on reflux-provoking activities has never been evaluated.(More)
BACKGROUND Safe and effective antiviral agents are needed to prevent infection with influenza A and B virus. Oseltamivir (GS4104), which can be administered orally, is the prodrug of GS4071, a potent and selective inhibitor of influenzavirus neuraminidases. We studied the use of oseltamivir for long-term prophylaxis against influenza in two(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Evaluation of new patients with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) may require a variety of costly tests. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the omeprazole test (OT) in diagnosing gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) in patients with NCCP and estimate the potential cost savings of this strategy compared with conventional diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a trial of a high-dose proton pump inhibitor (the omeprazole test) in detecting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with heartburn symptoms. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PATIENTS AND SETTING Forty-three consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic tissue injury in the esophagus associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease may result in sensitization of afferent pathways mediating mechanosensitivity and chemosensitivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity to intraluminal acid and to distention of the esophagus in patients with mild-to-moderate(More)
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is considered to be a disease of white males with a prevalence ranging from 0.5 to 4.0% in patients undergoing upper endoscopy (EGD) for any indication, and from 12 to 15% in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The prevalence of BE in Hispanics is not known, but it is assumed to be lower. The aims of this study(More)
INTRODUCTION elderly patients appear to have a more aggressive form of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease than younger patients. Reduced pain perception with age is a possible underlying mechanism. AIMS to compare the extent of oesophageal mucosal injury, acid exposure, symptom severity and perception thresholds for acid infusion in older (aged 60 or(More)
We studied 10 normal subjects to determine the effect of doses of intravenous glucagon used to treat food impaction on esophageal motor function. With a multilumen assembly perfused by a low compliance pneumohydraulic infusion pump, esophageal manometry was performed during baseline and after randomized administration of 0. 25, 0.5, and 1 mg intravenous(More)