Carly Parnitzke Smith

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Research has documented the profound negative impact of betrayal within experiences of interpersonal trauma such as sexual assault (Freyd, 1994, 1996; Freyd, DePrince, & Gleaves, 2007). In the current study of college women (N = 345, 79% Caucasian; mean age = 19.69 years, SD = 2.55), we examined whether institutional failure to prevent sexual assault or(More)
Research has documented the profound negative impact of betrayal associated with interpersonal traumas such as sexual assault (Betrayal Trauma Theory; Freyd, 1994, 1997). We posit that the harm of sexual assault may be made much worse by institutional failure to prevent sexual assault or respond supportively when it occurs-what we call " institutional(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined perceptions of institutional betrayal among Veterans exposed to military sexual trauma (MST) and whether perceptions of institutional betrayal are associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and suicidal ideation and attempt after MST. METHOD A total of 49 Veterans with MST completed self-report(More)
This editorial marks the final issue of Volume 15 of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation (JTD). Much like the work of compiling manuscripts for this volume, it reflects a collaboration between the editorial assistant (Smith) and the editor (Freyd). We bring to this editorial our perspectives from our JTD work but also our insights from work as researchers(More)
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