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Feathered hair sensilla fringe both rami of the lobster (Homarus americanus) swimmeret. The sensory response to hair displacement was characterized by recording afferent impulses extracellularly from the swimmeret sensory nerve while deflecting sensilla with a rigidly-coupled probe or controlled water movements. Two populations of hairs were observed:(More)
1. Stretch stimulation of the abdominal muscle receptor organ of the lobster Homarus americanus initiated spike discharge of its tonic sensory neuron (SR1). This sensory response evoked a series of tonic postural reflex responses in the motor neurons that innervate the superficial extensor and flexor muscles of the abdominal postural system. The type of(More)
The influence of mechanosensory stimulation of a second segment swimmeret upon the abdominal postural program was examined in an isolated abdominal nerve cord-swimmeret preparation. The swimmeret was stimulated in several different ways to assess the extent of influence exerted on abdominal positioning. Localized tactile stimulation of the swimmeret surface(More)
The multisegmented abdomen of crayfish and lobster assumes a variety of postures as components of different behavioral acts. Experimentally these postures can be maintained by activating any of a number of premotor positioning interneurons. The pathways by which the motor output in two or more segments is coordinated were here investigated for a small group(More)
The mechanosensory innervation of the lobster (Homarus americanus) swimmeret was examined by electrophysiologically recording afferent spike responses initiated by localized mechanical stimulation of the caudal surface of the swimmeret. Two functional groups of subcuticular hypodermal mechanoreceptors innervate the swimmeret. Afferents of one group(More)
Using intracellular recording and dye-filling techniques, a survey of postural interneurons was undertaken by impaling their somata in the 2nd abdominal ganglion of lobster. During the course of study approximately fourty different intersegmental interneurons in this ganglion were sampled. Of these, 8 evoked unique, patterned responses in the postural(More)
In a multiganglionic preparation of the lobster abdominal nerve cord, composed of the first through fifth ganglia (A1-A5) and attached second swimmeret, tactile stimulation of the cuticular surface of the swimmeret initiates a postural motor program in A2 for abdominal extension, whereas deflection of feathered hair sensilla that fringe the swimmeret rami(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a unique subset of CD1d-restricted T lymphocytes that express characteristics of both T cells and natural killer cells. NKT cells mediate tumor immune-surveillance; however, NKT cells are numerically reduced and functionally impaired in lymphoma patients. Many hematologic malignancies express CD1d molecules and(More)
Intersegmental interneurons in the lobster second abdominal ganglion were differentially stained by simultaneously backfilling their axons in the anterior and posterior hemiconnectives with nickel and cobalt ions. When precipitated with rubeanic acid the nickel and cobalt formed different colors in the cell bodies depending upon the location of the axon(s)(More)
BACKGROUND Aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that levels of hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide gated channels 1 to 4 (HCN1-4) are linked to the reproductive age of the ovary. METHODS Young, adult, and reproductively aged ovaries were collected from Sprague-Dawley rats. RT-PCR and western blot analysis of ovaries was performed to(More)