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Successful embryo implantation requires synchronous development and communication between the blastocyst and the endometrium, however the mechanisms of communication in humans are virtually unknown. Recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRs) are present in bodily fluids and secreted by cells in culture. We have identified that human blastocysts(More)
STUDY QUESTION Do human blastocysts which subsequently implant release factors that regulate endometrial epithelial cell gene expression and adhesion to facilitate endometrial receptivity? SUMMARY ANSWER Blastocysts which subsequently implanted released factors that altered endometrial epithelial gene expression and facilitated endometrial adhesion while(More)
Immune factors such as cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors are known to play important roles in the preimplantation interactions and communication between the blastocyst and receptive endometrium. This crucial dialog occurs during the stages when the blastocyst is in the uterine cavity immediately preceding implantation and the establishment of(More)
INTRODUCTION Trophoblast growth and invasion of the uterine endometrium are critical events during placentation and are tightly regulated by locally produced factors. Abnormal placentation can result in early miscarriage or preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction, leading to impaired fetal and/or maternal health. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4(More)
INTRODUCTION Galectins are expressed at the fetal-maternal interface and have multiple roles including during blastocyst implantation. The expression of galectin-7 however has not been investigated in the uterus. We aimed to localise galectin-7 to the endometrium of women with normal fertility and with a history of miscarriage and prospectively determine(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after 20 wk gestation. Abnormal extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion and remodeling of uterine spiral arterioles is thought to contribute to PE development. Interleukin-11 (IL11) impedes human EVT invasion in vitro and is elevated in PE decidua in women. We(More)
The establishment of a successful pregnancy requires the implantation of a competent blastocyst into a 'receptive' endometrium, facilitating the formation of a functional placenta. Inadequate or inappropriate implantation and placentation is a major reason for infertility and is thought to lead to first-trimester miscarriage, placental insufficiency and(More)
The placenta forms the interface between the maternal and fetal circulation and is critical for the establishment of a healthy pregnancy. Specialized trophoblast cells derived from the embryonic trophectoderm play a pivotal role in the establishment of the placenta. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is one of the predominant cytokines present in the placenta(More)
Interactions between the highly invasive trophoblasts and the maternal uterine decidual extracellular matrix (ECM) are crucial in the determination of a successful pregnancy. Fibulin-5 (FBLN5) is a member of the fibulin family that alters cell adhesive and invasive properties and is expressed in human villous cytotrophoblasts. We aimed to determine the(More)
To investigate the spatial and temporal immunolocalisation and staining intensity of the Notch signalling family in endometrium of fertile and infertile women, endometrial biopsies were collected by curettage from 25 fertile women across the menstrual cycle and 10 infertile women in the mid secretory phase of menstrual cycle. Immunohisotchemistry was(More)