Carlton J. Zdanski

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OBJECTIVE To describe a group of children exhibiting electrophysiologic responses characteristic of auditory neuropathy (AN) who were subsequently identified as having absent or small cochlear nerves (i.e., cochlear nerve deficiency). DESIGN A retrospective review of the clinical records, audiological testing results, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the internal auditory canal (IAC) and inner ear morphologic characteristics of children with cochlear nerve (CN) deficiency. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Fourteen children with small or absent (deficient) CNs have been identified by means of high-resolution magnetic resonance(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) mediates the effects of the excitatory amino acids in the central nervous system. Excitatory amino acids, in particular L-glutamate, are thought to be the neurotransmitter(s) present at the cochlear hair cell-afferent nerve synapse. To our knowledge, no studies to date have documented the presence of NO in the cochlea nor attempted to(More)
Minimally invasive imaging of upper airway obstructions in children and adults is needed to improve clinical decision-making. Toward this goal, we demonstrate an anatomical optical coherence tomography (aOCT) system delivered via a small-bore, flexible endoscope to quantify the upper airway lumen geometry. Helical scans were obtained from a(More)
BACKGROUND Children with complex airway problems see multiple specialists. To improve outcomes and coordinate care, we developed a multidisciplinary Children's Airway Center. For children with tracheostomies, aspects of care targeted for improvement included optimizing initial hospital discharge, promoting effective communication between providers and(More)
This article is the second in a 2-part series reviewing neuroimaging in childhood SNHL. Previously, we discussed the clinical work-up of children with hearing impairment, the classification of inner ear malformations, and congenital nonsyndromic causes of hearing loss. Here, we review and illustrate the most common syndromic hereditary and acquired causes(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the patient's characteristics, preoperative audiological profiles, surgical outcomes, and postoperative performance for children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) who ultimately received cochlear implants (CIs). DESIGN Prospective, longitudinal study of children with ANSD who received CIs after a stepwise management(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Mutations in GJB2 are a common cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Many children with these mutations receive cochlear implants for auditory habilitation. The purpose of the study was to compare the speech perception performance of cochlear implant patients with GJB2-related deafness to patients without GJB2-related(More)
Propranolol has become first-line therapy for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas in many centers. Of 302 children with hemangiomas seen at the University of North Carolina from 2008 through 2010, 15.6% were treated with oral propranolol alone, 5.6% with topical timolol (a propranolol derivative) alone, and 2.3% with both. The use of these agents(More)
BACKGROUND The greater palatine canal (GPC) local injection is used to limit posterior bleeding during sinus surgery in adults. Given the potential for causing iatrogenic damage to the intraorbital contents, this procedure is not commonly used in the pediatric population. No studies have described the anatomic development of the GPC during facial growth. By(More)