Learn More
BACKGROUND Nocturnal oxyhaemoglobin desaturation might have a role in CNS complications related to sickle cell disease, and rates of painful crises. We attempted to examine the biological relations, and describe the haematological risk factors for oxyhaemoglobin desaturation. METHODS The study population included children with sickle cell disease and(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a pleiotropic genetic disorder of hemoglobin that has profound multiorgan effects. The low prevalence of SCD ( approximately 100,000/US) has limited progress in clinical, basic, and translational research. Lack of a large, readily accessible population for clinical studies has contributed to the absence of standard definitions(More)
Analgesic trials pose unique scientific, ethical, and practical challenges in pediatrics. Participants in a scientific workshop sponsored by the US Food and Drug Administration developed consensus on aspects of pediatric analgesic clinical trial design. The standard parallel-placebo analgesic trial design commonly used for adults has ethical and practical(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires have been validated in children with sickle cell disease (SCD), but small sample sizes in these studies have limited clinical comparisons. We used the baseline clinical data from the Collaborative Data (C-Data) Project of the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Centers (CSCC) Clinical Trial(More)
Risk-and-resistance models identify factors that predict psychosocial adjustment to pediatric chronic illness, including sickle cell disease (SCD), but have not been applied to understand health outcomes. The study objectives were to examine prospectively the relationship of coping and family functioning with health outcomes for adolescents with SCD,(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) complications place patients at risk for poor psychosocial adaptation, including depression and anxiety symptoms. This study aimed to test a mediator model based on the Risk and Resistance model to explore the role of intrapersonal characteristics and stress processing variables in psychosocial functioning. Participants were 44(More)
Pain can begin in the first year of life for individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) and continue in an unpredictably recurrent manner throughout their life span. Sickle vaso-occlusive pain (sickle pain) can also occur simultaneously with pain of other origins, complicating both assessment and management. Aims of this research were to describe the(More)
To examine the pharmacokinetics of parenteral opioids, such as morphine, in patients with sickle cell disease, we determined the plasma morphine clearances in 18 patients (aged 6 to 19 years) who were receiving continuous intravenous infusions, and the pharmacokinetics of morphine in an additional six patients after single intravenous doses. Plasma morphine(More)
BACKGROUND The NHLBI-sponsored Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Research Network (SCDCRN) conducted a multi-center, acute intervention randomized clinical trial of two methods of Patient Controlled Analgesia for acute pain. This trial was terminated early due to low enrollment. We analyzed the perceived barriers and recruitment difficulties as reported by the(More)