Carlotta Zamparelli

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Sorcin, a 22 kDa calcium binding protein present in abundance in cardiac tissue and in multi-drug resistant cells and previously described as a soluble protein, is now shown to undergo a calcium-dependent translocation process from the cytosol to cellular membranes in both systems. The translocation process takes place also in E. coli BL21 cells that(More)
Surface plasmon resonance experiments show that at neutral pH the stability of the complex between sorcin and annexin VII (synexin) increases dramatically between 3 and 6 microM calcium; at the latter cation concentration the K(D) value is 0.63 microM. In turn, the lack of complex formation between the sorcin Ca(2+) binding domain (33-198) and synexin maps(More)
Elucidating pore function at the 3-fold channels of 12-subunit, microbial Dps proteins is important in understanding their role in the management of iron/hydrogen peroxide. The Dps pores are called "ferritin-like" because of the structural resemblance to the 3-fold channels of 24-subunit ferritins used for iron entry and exit to and from the protein cage.(More)
Sorcin, a 21.6 kDa cytosolic EF-hand protein which undergoes a Ca(2+)-induced translocation from cytoplasm to membranes, has been assigned to the newly defined penta EF-hand family. A molecular model of the C-terminal Ca(2+)-binding domain has been generated using as a template the X-ray coordinates of the corresponding domain in the calpain light subunit,(More)
Sorcin is a penta-EF-hand protein that interacts with intracellular target proteins after Ca(2+) binding. The sarcolemmal Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX1) may be an important sorcin target in cardiac muscle. In this study, RNAi knockdown of sorcin, purified sorcin or sorcin variants was employed in parallel measurements of: (i) NCX activity in isolated rabbit(More)
Sorcin, a 21.6 kDa two-domain penta-EF-hand (PEF) protein, when activated by Ca(2+) binding, interacts with target proteins in a largely uncharacterized process. The two physiological EF-hands EF3 and EF2 do not belong to a structural pair but are connected by the D helix. To establish whether this helix is instrumental in sorcin activation, two D helix(More)
Sorcin is a typical penta-EF-hand protein that participates in Ca2+-regulated processes by translocating reversibly from cytosol to membranes, where it interacts with different target proteins in different tissues. Binding of two Ca2+/monomer triggers translocation, although EF1, EF2, and EF3 are potentially able to bind calcium at micromolar(More)
Annexin VII exists in a 47 kDa and a 51 kDa isoform with the 51 kDa protein being the only isoform present in skeletal muscle. Expression of the 51 kDa isoform during myogenesis and localization was studied in cells after conversion into myogenic cells by transduction with MyoD and in mouse and human myogenic cell lines. MyoD expression in NIH3T3 and(More)
Sorcin is a 21.6 kDa calcium binding protein, expressed in a number of mammalian tissues that belongs to the small, recently identified penta-EF-hand (PEF) family. Like all members of this family, sorcin undergoes a Ca2+-dependent translocation from cytosol to membranes where it binds to target proteins. For sorcin, the targets differ in different tissues,(More)
Alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) is a pyridoxal-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme. Its deficiency causes the hereditary kidney stone disease primary hyperoxaluria type 1. AGT is a highly stable compact dimer and the first 21 residues of each subunit form an extension which wraps over the surface of the neighboring subunit. Naturally occurring and(More)