Carlotta Schatten

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Passive brain-computer interaction (BCI) can provide useful information to understand a user's state and anticipate intentions, which is needed to support adaptivity and personalization. Given the huge variety of audiences, a game's capability of adapting to different user profiles-in particular to keep the player in flow-is crucial to make it ever more(More)
In Intelligent Tutoring Systems, adaptive sequencers can take past student performances into account to select the next task which best fits the student's learning needs. In order to do so, the system has to assess student skills and match them to the required skills and difficulties of available tasks. In this scenario two problems arise: (i) Tagging tasks(More)
The performance prediction and task sequencing in traditional adaptive intelligent tutoring systems needs information gained from expert and domain knowledge. In a former work a new efficient task sequencer based on a performance prediction system was presented, which only needs former performance information but not the expensive expert and domain(More)
Usually, in intelligent tutoring systems the task sequencing is done by means of expert and domain knowledge. In a former work we presented a new efficient task sequencer without using the expensive expert and domain knowledge. This task sequencer only uses former performances and decides about the next task according to Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal(More)
Most of the artificial intelligence and machine learning researches deal with big data today. However, there are still a lot of real world problems for which only small and noisy data sets exist. Hence, in this paper we focus on those small data sets of noisy images. Applying learning models to such data may not lead to the best possible results because of(More)
We have used 123I-labelled epidermal growth factor (EGF) scans to study 14 patients with advanced cervical cancer. Abnormal lymph node imaging was seen most clearly 6-8 h after the injection and revealed abnormal uptake by pelvic lymph nodes in 11 patients. 4 of these 11 had abnormal computerised tomographic and ultrasound scans; in the other 7 conventional(More)
Recognising students’ emotion, affect or cognition is a relatively young field and still a challenging task in the area of intelligent tutoring systems. There are several ways to use the output of these recognition tasks within the system. The approach most often mentioned in the literature is using it for giving feedback to the students. The features used(More)