Carlos Vicente Serrano

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Voiding urosonography (VUS) is established as a technique for detecting vesicoureteral reflux in children. To evaluate the quality of images of the entire urinary tract when using a second-generation US contrast agent and a modified VUS technique. We evaluated 307 VUS examinations performed using SonoVue® in 591 pelvi-ureter units in 295 children of mean(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to characterize leukocyte and platelet activation and adhesion molecule expression after coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND Coronary angioplasty can be regarded as a clinical model of postischemic inflammation because this intervention leads to the release of inflammatory mediators as a result of plaque rupture and endothelial(More)
Depression and coronary artery disease (CAD) are both extremely prevalent diseases. In addition, compromised quality of life and life expectancy are characteristics of both situations. There are several conditions that aggravate depression and facilitate the development of CAD, as well as provoke a worse prognosis in patients with already established CAD:(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are locally activated in reperfused myocardium and contribute to the myocardial cell injury associated with reperfusion. It has been suggested that the adhesion of activated PMNs in reperfused myocardium is mediated by the PMN adhesion molecule CD-18. In the present(More)
The balance between different immunological stimuli is essential in the progression and stabilization of atherosclerotic plaques. Immune regulation has been suggested as potential target for the treatment of atherosclerotic disease. We sought to determine whether treatment with pentoxifylline, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor with immunomodulating properties,(More)
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) phenotype is typically characterized by visceral obesity, insulin resistance, atherogenic dyslipidemia involving hypertriglyceridemia and subnormal levels of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), oxidative stress and elevated cardiovascular risk. The potent antioxidative activity of small HDL3 is defective in MetS(More)
Vascular calcification in coronary artery disease is gaining importance, both in scientific research and in clinical and imaging applications. The calcified plaque is considered the most relevant form of atherosclerosis within the coronary artery tree and is frequently a challenge for percutaneous intervention. Recent studies showed that plaque(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammation is known to be a major determinant of the progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). In the present study we have evaluated the plasma levels of cytokines-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), interleukin- 1 alpha (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interferon-gamma (IFN), and interleukin-10 (IL-10)- to examine the association between(More)
I CTI, Hospital Albert Einstein São Paulo/ SP, Brazil II Cardiology, Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo São Paulo/SP, Brazil III Hematology, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo São Paulo/SP, Brazil Email: CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS(More)
Obesity is becoming a global epidemic. Around 1.1 billion adults and 10% of the world's children are currently overweight or considered obese. Generally associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as Diabetes Mellitus and systemic arterial high blood pressure, the obesity has been more and more seen as an independent risk factor for(More)